Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau (French: [ʒɑ̃ kɔkto]; 5 July 1889 – 11 October 1963) was a French poet, playwright, novelist, designer, filmmaker, visual artist and critic. Cocteau is best known for his novels Le Grand Écart (1923), Le Livre Blanc (1928), and Les Enfants Terribles (1929); the stage plays La Voix Humaine (1930), La Machine Infernale (1934), Les Parents terribles (1938), La Machine à écrire (1941), and L'Aigle à deux têtes (1946); and the films The Blood of a Poet (1930), Les Parents Terribles (1948), from his own eponymous piéce, Beauty and the Beast (1946), Orpheus (1949), and Testament of Orpheus (1960), which alongside Blood of a Poet and Orpheus constitute the so-called Orphic Trilogy. He was described as "one of [the] avant-garde's most successful and influential filmmakers" by AllMovie.
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Cocteau considered himself a poet above all but worked in virtually every medium, including the theater and film. Some of his most important works include the poem L’Ange Heurtebise (1925); the play Orphée (1926); and the novels Les Enfants terribles (1929) and La Machine infernale (1934). His films included Le Sang d’un poète (1930) and La Belle et la bête (1946). His early life was spent in the thrall of the theater, but around 1916 he began associating with avant-garde painters and composers. His collaboration on the ballet Parade (1917) with Picasso, Satie, and Massine evolved from his personal association with both Serge Diaghilev and Picasso, whom Cocteau greatly admired.
Artist, Author, Film Director, Actor, Writer, Muralist, Librettist, Novelist, Playwright, Poet, Painter
Jean Cocteau, Clément Eugène Jean Maurice Cocteau, Zhan Kokto, ז׳אן קוקטו
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License