Henri Matisse. Study for "Luxe, calme et volupté". 1904

Henri Matisse

Study for "Luxe, calme et volupté"


Oil on canvas
12 7/8 x 16" (32.7 x 40.6 cm)
Mrs. John Hay Whitney Bequest
Object number
© 2016 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Painting and Sculpture
This work is not on view.
Henri Matisse has 313 works online.
There are 2,309 paintings online.

Matisse painted this oil sketch in the summer of 1904, while working alongside fellow artist Paul Signac on the French Riviera, and he completed the final painting (now at the Musée d'Orsay, Paris) the following winter. Both Signac and Matisse were influenced by the elder painter Paul Cézanne, whose discrete strokes of color emphasized the materiality of the painted surface over naturalistic illusion. But Matisse went further, using a palette of pure, high-pitched colors (blue, green, yellow, and orange) to render the landscape, and outlining the figures in blue. The painting takes its title from a line by the nineteenth-century poet Charles Baudelaire and shares the poems subject of an escape to an imaginary, tranquil refuge.

Gallery label from 2010

This work is included in the Provenance Research Project, which investigates the ownership history of works in MoMA's collection.
André Saint, Paris. - 1932
Auction, Paris, Hôtel Drouot, "Collection d'un amateur" [André Saint], February 27, 1932
Hodel. Purchased at Drouot in 1932
Sidney Janis Gallery, New York. 1951
Mr. and Mrs. John Hay Whitney, New York. Purchased April 16, 1951 - 1998
The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Mrs. John Hay Whitney Bequest, 1998

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