Emil Nolde. Young Couple (Junges Paar). (1913)
Emil Nolde

Young Couple (Junges Paar)

(1913)
Not on view
Medium
Lithograph
Dimensions
composition: 24 1/2 x 19 13/16" (62.2 x 50.3 cm); sheet (irreg.): 27 3/16 x 22 1/2" (69 x 57.1 cm)
Publisher
unpublished
Printer
The artist, Westphalen, Flensburg, Germany
Edition
112 in 68 color variations; plus several T.P.
Credit
Purchase
Object number
344.1941
Copyright
© Nolde Stiftung Seebüll, Germany
Department
Drawings and Prints

Nolde, a prolific and highly innovative printmaker, frequently developed his lithographs through several color variants. His subject here is the tension between the sexes; different color combinations suggest different emotional readings. These are three from a total of sixty-eight different color variants of this image.

Gallery label from German Expressionism: The Graphic Impulse, March 27–July 11, 2011

Additional text

With a deeply Romantic vision for his art, Emil Nolde sought to express the primal and elemental forces of life through the creative process. Raised in a family of farmers in a rural area on the Danish-German border, he had been expected to carry on in this vocation but instead turned to furniture carving and, later, to painting. Through his art, however, he maintained a link to nature and the land.

Over the course of his career, Nolde made some five hundred prints in a consistently experimental manner during short periods of sustained activity. He learned the woodcut technique from the young artists of Brücke (Bridge), a group he joined briefly, working in a decidedly painterly fashion by brushing compositions onto woodblocks before carving them. The simplification and direct impact of his imagery are indebted to his study of tribal art.

In etching, breaking with picturesque conventions of the late-nineteenth century, Nolde created irregular tonal passages through unusual applications of acid to his printing plates, and formed bold masses of tangled lines and textures by scratching with a variety of tools. In his Hamburg Harbor series, he turned an industrial hub into a timeless metaphor for man's impact on nature, all through the mysterious effects of his etching process. In lithography his interpretations of a young couple are neither abstract nor fully articulated. As his organically shaped figures merge with an indeterminate landscape, they embody Nolde's fluid and intuitive technique as much as the psychological tensions between the sexes.

All of Nolde's innovations in printmaking were carefully documented by the artist in an archive that was, tragically, destroyed when his Berlin studio was bombed in 1944. This event followed the confiscation of more than one thousand of his works from German museums during the Nazi purge of "degenerate" art.

Publication excerpt from Deborah Wye, Artists and Prints: Masterworks from The Museum of Modern Art, New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 2004

Provenance Research Project
This work is included in the Provenance Research Project, which investigates the ownership history of works in MoMA's collection.
Emil Richter, Dresden; acquired by the Kupferstichkabinett, Dresden, 1919 [1]; removed as "degenerate art" by the Reich
Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda, Berlin, 1937 [2]; on consignment to Hildebrand Gurlitt, Hamburg; to Buchholz Gallery (Curt Valentin), New York; acquired by The Museum of Modern Art, New York, January 1941.
[1] Collection stamp "K. SÄCHSISCHES KUPFERSTICHKABINETT" on verso. Inventory number: A 1919 580.
[2] EK no. 8662: Zwei Frauen

If you have any questions or information to provide about the listed works, please e-mail provenance@moma.org or write to:

Provenance Research Project
The Museum of Modern Art
11 West 53 Street
New York, NY 10019

Pictured above: Vasily Kandinsky. Panel for Edwin R. Campbell No. 2 (detail). 1914. Oil on canvas, 64 1/8 x 48 3/8" (162.6 x 122.7 cm). Nelson A. Rockefeller Fund (by exchange). © 2009 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

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Image permissions

In order to effectively service requests for images, The Museum of Modern Art entrusts the licensing of images of works of art in its collections to the agencies Scala Archives and Art Resource. As MoMA’s representatives, these agencies supply high-resolution digital image files provided to them directly by the Museum's imaging studios.

All requests to reproduce works of art from MoMA's collection within North America (Canada, U.S., Mexico) should be addressed directly to Art Resource at 536 Broadway, New York, New York 10012. Telephone (212) 505-8700; fax (212) 505-2053; requests@artres.com; artres.com. Requests from all other geographical locations should be addressed directly to Scala Group S.p.A., 62, via Chiantigiana, 50012 Bagno a Ripoli/Firenze, Italy. Telephone 39 055 6233 200; fax 39 055 641124; firenze@scalarchives.com; scalarchives.com.

Requests for permission to reprint text from MoMA publications should be addressed to text_permissions@moma.org.

Related links:
Outside North America: Scala Archives
North America: Art Resource