German Expressionism

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Komitee "Künstlerhilfe" der "Internationalen Arbeiterhilfe," Berlin

Starr Figura, German Expressionism: The Graphic Impulse, New York, The Museum of Modern Art, 2011

"International Workers' Aid." Humanitarian aid organization established in 1921 by the Communist International functionary Willi Münzenberg, following an appeal from Vladimir Lenin for aid for more than 20 million drought victims in the Russian Volga region. Received support from the Artists' Aid Committee (Komitee Künstlerhilfe), a group of socially conscious artists, including Communists such as George Grosz and Conrad Felixmüller, and more moderate left-leaning activists, such as Käthe Kollwitz; these artists contributed funds raised through the exhibition and sale of their works. After its original task, continued to support workers' causes and children's aid, shifting its focus to inflation-ridden Germany. To generate funds, commissioned posters by Kollwitz, among others, as well as group portfolios with prints or reproductions thematically dedicated to the working class by Grosz, Kollwitz, and Otto Dix, among others. Also fostered intellectual and artistic ties between Germany and the new Soviet Russia, generally. Disbanded in 1933 following rise of National Socialism.

Iris Schmeisser

Published by Komitee "Künstlerhilfe" der "Internationalen Arbeiterhilfe," Berlin

  • Käthe Kollwitz. Help Russia (Helft Russland). (1921)
    Käthe Kollwitz
    Help Russia (Helft Russland)
    Käthe Kollwitz. Help Russia (Helft Russland). (1921)
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