(British of Palestinian origin, born in Beirut, Lebanon 1952)
2002. Gel pen and colored ink on five maps
a: gel pen on map
b: gel pen on map
c: colored ink on map
d: gel pen on map
e: colored ink on map, Installation: 35 1/2 x 42 x 1" (90.2 x 106.7 x 2.5 cm)
Mona Hatoum’s Routes II is comprised of five color photocopies of maps taken from airline brochures depicting flight routes. The maps detail networks created by travel, charting the globe primarily according to movement rather than geographic, national, or political boundaries. Using ink and gouache, Hatoum drew colored lines onto the maps, adding her own hand-drawn abstract designs to the existing webs of the airlines’ routes.
Hatoum was born in Lebanon to Palestinian parents displaced from northern Israel. In 1975, when she was 23, she moved to England to escape the civil war that was beginning in Lebanon. Her experience of being displaced by conflict has led her to find inspiration in movement, travel, and the discovery of new cultures, people, and places. “The nomadic existence suits me fine,” she says, “because I do not expect myself to identify completely with any one place.”1 She has said that she considers the paths she drew in Routes II to be “routes for the rootless.”2
The customs, arts, social institutions, and achievements of a particular nation, people, or other social group.
A work of art made with a pencil, pen, crayon, charcoal, or other implements, often consisting of lines and marks (noun); the act of producing a picture with pencil, pen, crayon, charcoal, or other implements (verb, gerund).
A long mark or stroke.
A water-based matte paint, sometimes called opaque watercolor, composed of ground pigments and plant-based binders, such as gum Arabic or gum tragacanth. The opacity of gouache derives from the addition of white fillers, such as clay or chalk, or a higher ratio of pigment to binder.
The perceived hue of an object, produced by the manner in which it reflects or emits light into the eye. Also, a substance, such as a dye, pigment, or paint, that imparts a hue.
A term generally used to describe art that is not representational or based on external reality or nature.
“I’m often asked the same question: ‘What in your work comes from your own culture?’” Mona Hatoum once said. “As if I have a recipe and I can actually isolate the Arab ingredient, the woman ingredient, the Palestinian ingredient. People often expect tidy definitions of otherness, as if identity is something fixed and easily definable.”3