September 16, 2010  |  Artists, Collection & Exhibitions
David Smith’s Don Quixote

David Smith. Don Quixote, state I. 1952. Lithograph. Publisher: the artist, New York. Printer: Michael Ponce de Léon and Margaret Lowengrund, New York. Edition: 14. The Museum of Modern Art. Stephen F. Dull Fund, 2010

I’ve written before about some of the various ways that works are acquired for MoMA’s collection, a primary one being in preparation for upcoming exhibitions. Abstract Expressionist New York, opening here next month, provided one such opportunity. That show is actually comprised of several different exhibitions, including Rock Paper Scissors, which is co-organized by Jodi Hauptman, a curator in the Department of Drawings, and myself. The title of the show, while playful, does point to the kind of work it contains: sculpture and works on paper by artists who moved in Abstract Expressionist circles, but many of whom weren’t engaged with the large-scale gestural painting the movement is best known for. Instead, these artists were known for their work in wood, stone, lead, etching, lithography, cut paper, watercolor, and crayon, among other materials and processes.

One of the works that will be included in Rock Paper Scissors, is David Smith’s Don Quixote, a recent acquisition that will be on view for the first time. Smith (American, 1906–1965) is considered one of the pre-eminent sculptors of his generation, but he also saw painting, drawing, and printmaking as equally important and integral elements of his practice. His works on paper served a variety of functions; some seem composed after similar sculptures, while others served as preparation, allowing him to work out sculptures in advance, or as independent compositions unrelated to works in other mediums.

Smith began making prints after taking classes at the Art Students League in New York.  He made a series of linoleum cuts of his Brooklyn neighborhood in the 1920s, Surrealist-influenced etchings in the 1930s and 1940s, and a group of lithographs with Woodstock, New York–based printer Margaret Lowengrund in the 1950s, including this one. Don Quixote was actually Smith’s first print, and has a great story behind it that underscores the sometimes-complicated chemistry of printmaking, and the fact that successful endeavors are often aided by quite a bit of luck. Lowengrund had just taken on an assistant, a young artist named Michael Ponce de Léon, who actually had no experience making lithographs. Ponce de Léon’s first assignment was to assist Smith. The two men met, worked, chatted over beers, and when asked by Smith to proceed with the printing, Ponce de Léon couldn’t bring himself to admit that he’d never printed a lithograph before. So he forged ahead, and without running water in the studio, improvised by printing with the copious amount of beer they had on hand.

According to Ponce de Léon, “When Margaret arrived ready to start the printing and was told that we had already printed the first stone she almost collapsed, and in great desperation she rushed out to the drying pile of our first prints only to discover to her great amazement that the whole edition was rather well printed. Without pulling any punches, Margaret gave me a blistering lecture and made me aware of all the innumerable disasters that could have taken place in the process. ‘You are either the luckiest fool I have ever met or a born genius. Time will tell.’” Look, and then decide for yourself, when Rock Paper Scissors opens on October 3.