Robert Rauschenberg. Canto XXXI: The Central Pit of Malebolge, The Giants from the series Thirty- Four Illustrations for Dante's Inferno. (1959-60)

Robert Rauschenberg Canto XXXI: The Central Pit of Malebolge, The Giants from the series Thirty- Four Illustrations for Dante's Inferno (1959-60)

  • Not on view

In eighteen months, Rauschenberg created thirty-four illustrations for Dante's Inferno, using the technique of transfer drawing. Each illustration, one for each canto, is intended to be read vertically from upper left to lower right as an episodic narrative with sequential events flowing into one another. Characters in the allegory are represented by photographs—culled from the mass media— of athletes, politicians, and astronauts, among others. In this image, Dante and his guide, Virgil, approach the eighth circle of Hell. Dante appears in the upper left-hand corner as a man wrapped in a towel. The guardians of Hell, described in the poem as formidable giants, are shown at the lower right as Olympic athletes standing on a podium. The oversized chain link indicates the giants' power; it also refers to their being chained for their sins. Below, the tiny figures of the two poets are lowered into the pit. By using recognizable imagery to relate the classic text of a quest for divine truth, Rauschenberg integrates the high and the low, the real and the illusory, the past and the present.

In creating his illustrations, the artist clipped reproductions from magazines, coated them with chemical solvent, and placed them face down on the drawing surface. The reverse sides of the clippings were rubbed over with a pen, transferring the images onto the paper. Finally, an overlay of transparent washes of gouache and pencil marks was added to allude to different moods or emotional states.

Publication excerpt from The Museum of Modern Art, MoMA Highlights, New York: The Museum of Modern Art, revised 2004, originally published 1999, p. 231.
Solvent transfer drawing, colored pencil, gouache, and pencil on paper
14 1/2 × 11 1/2" (36.8 × 29.2 cm)
Given anonymously
Object number
© 2021 Robert Rauschenberg Foundation
Thirty-Four Illustrations for Dante's Inferno
Drawings and Prints

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