The Provenance Research Project
Aleksandr Rodchenko. Spatial Construction no. 12 (detail). c. 1920. Plywood, open construction partially painted with aluminum paint, and wire, 24 x 33 x 18 1/2" (61 x 83.7 x 47 cm). Acquisition made possible through the extraordinary efforts of George and Zinaida Costakis, and through the Nate B. and Frances Spingold, Matthew H. and Erna Futter, and Enid A. Haupt Funds
The Provenance Research Project investigates the ownership history of works in the collection of The Museum of Modern Art.
- For the American Association of Museums' website, which publishes the AAM's Guidelines Concerning the Unlawful Appropriation of Objects During the Nazi Era, issued November 1999, and amended April 2001; the AAM's Recommended Procedures for Providing Information to the Public about Objects Transferred in Europe During the Nazi Era; the Report of the Association of Art Museum Directors Task Force on the Looting of Art During the Nazi/World War II Era, dated June 4, 1998; and information on other museum sites, see www.aam-us.org
- For the Nazi-Era Provenance Internet Portal launched in September 2003 by the AAM, which provides a general searchable registry of objects in U.S. museum collections that were or could have been in Continental Europe during the Nazi era, and thus includes the works on this MoMA Web site, see www.nepip.org.
- For the Association of Art Museum Directors website and press releases, see www.aamd.org
- For the Final Report of the Presidential Advisory Commission on Holocaust Assets in the United States and related resources, see http://www.pcha.gov/
- For the Lost Art Internet Database, which facilitates the registration of cultural assets that were relocated, transported, or confiscated as a result of persecution during World War II and the Nazi period, and which lists of more than 2,200 looted artworks, see www.lostart.de. The Lost Art Internet Database is a joint project by the Federal Government of Germany and the federal states of Germany.
- For the Art Loss Register, a comprehensive database of looted art, designed to help Holocaust survivors and their heirs in their search for lost art works, and to enable prospective purchasers and lenders to ascertain whether a particular work of art has been reported stolen or missing, see www.artloss.com
- For the Central Registry of Information on Looted Cultural Property 1933 - 1945, and the Commission of Looted Art in Europe (ECLA), based in London, see www.lootedart.com. This site contains two fully searchable databses. The Information Database contains information and documentation from over 40 countries, including laws and policies, reports and publications, archival records, current cases and relevant sites. The Object Database will contain details of 20,000 objects of all kinds from over 12 countries. Some are looted and their location isknown. Others are looted and their location is still unknown. Yet others are under investigation in museums throughout the world.
- For New York State organizations dealing with claims, Holocaust restitution information, and searchable lists, see www.claims.state.ny.us/link.htm
- For the International Foundation of Art Research website, see http://www.ifar.org. IFAR is a not-for-profit educational and research organization that offers impartial and authoritative information on authenticity, ownership, theft, and other artistic, legal, and ethical issues concerning art objects.
- For The Project for the Documentation of Wartime Cultural Losses (The Documentation Project), initiated to collect and make available information relating to works of art, archives, and other types of cultural property displaced as a consequence of war, see http://docproj.loyola.edu/. The Documentation Project is administered under the auspices of the Cultural Property Research Foundation, Inc., a not-for-profit foundation incorporated in 1998 in New York; its main focus is the period of World War II. The website includes extensive lists of looted collections, and of Nazi officials and art dealers involved in art looting and trading. It also includes the Art Looting Investigation Unit (ALIU) Final Report, assembled by art experts within the American Office of Strategic Services (OSS) after extensive research conducted in 1945–46.
- For articles related to looted art, see www.theartnewspaper.com. Within the section "Focus on Looted Art", "Continue to OSS List" offers another version of the ALIU Final Report originally issued in 1946 by the OSS; and "Other Looted Art Resources" provides more online information on the subject.
- For international online resources relating to the Second World War and the looted art problem, see www.museum-security.org/ww2. The Museum Security Network is financially supported by the Netherlands Museums Association (NMV) and was founded in 1996 to collect and disseminate information about incidents and trade involving stolen cultural property.
- For Records and Research Relating to Holocaust-Era Assets, at the National Archives and Records Administration in College Park, Maryland; and specifically for information regarding access to primary and secondary resources, see www.archives.gov, Holocaust Era Assets. Searchable online resources include an extensive finding aid to Holocaust-era asset records at the National Archives.
- For Holocaust Era Related Resources at the Getty Research Institute in Los Angeles, see www.getty.edu/research/tools, Provenance Index Databases.
- For a searchable index of over 2,000 works stolen from victims of the Holocaust, and in the custodianship of the national museums of France since 1949, see www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/bdd/index.html. Click on "MNR" (for Musées Nationaux Récupération).
- For an exhibition of works restituted to the French government after WWII and now in the custodianship of the Musée national d'art moderne, shown at the Centre Georges Pompidou, April 9-21, 1997, see www.cnac-gp.fr/musee, Dossiers, MNR.
For provenance information available through other museum Web sites, see:
In the U.S.:
Art Institute of Chicago
Cleveland Museum of Art
J. Paul Getty Museum
Harvard University Museums
Metropolitan Museum of Art
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
National Gallery of Art, Washington
In the U.K:
National Museums of the United Kingdom – The National Museum Directors' Conference represents the leaders of the UK's national museums and galleries. While its members are funded by central government, the NMDC is an independent and non-governmental organization.
Musées Nationaux Récupération [MNR] – The French government lists works of art retrieved from Germany following World War II but never claimed by their legitimate owners. Since 1949, these works have been administered under the direction of the Musées de France.
Lost Art Internet Database – The German government lists more than 2,200 unclaimed looted works of art still in its possession, as well as information about works still missing from public institutions and private individuals in Germany.
If you have any questions or information to provide on the listed works, please send an e-mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Or write to:
Provenance Research Project
The Museum of Modern Art
11 West 53 Street
New York, N.Y. 10019