Front / Recto

  • Title Untitled
  • Negative Date 1928–33
  • Print Date 1928–35
  • Medium Gelatin silver print
  • Dimensions Image 4 × 9 3/16" (10.1 × 23.3 cm)
  • Place Taken Munich
  • Credit Line Thomas Walther Collection. Gift of Thomas Walther
  • MoMA Accession Number 1829.2001
  • Copyright © Estate Franz Roh, Munich

Back / Verso

  • Mount Type No mount
  • Marks and Inscriptions Stamped in black ink on sheet verso, bottom left: Nachlaß Franz Roh. Inscribed in pencil on sheet verso, bottom center: P 9003003 RK.
  • Provenance The artist, Munich; by inheritance to the artist's estate (Juliane Roh, 1909–1987), Munich, 1965 [1]; Galerie Rudolf Kicken, Cologne, c. 1989–90 [2]; sold through Kunsthaus Lempertz, Cologne (sale 733, lot 276), to Thomas Walther, November 9, 1996 [3]; given to The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2001.
    [1] Estate stamp on print verso.
    [2] Ina Schmidt-Runke (Kicken Berlin), e-mail to Maria Morris Hambourg, November 13, 2013; and Kicken archival no. P 9003003 RK on sheet verso.
    [3] MacGill/Walther 2001(4), p. 11; and Kunsthaus Lempertz invoice, November 9, 1996.

Surface

  • Surface Sheen Glossy
  • Techniques Enlargement
    Negative print
  • PTM
    Detail view of the recto of the artwork made using reflectance transformation imaging (RTI) software, which exaggerates subtle surface details and renders the features of the artwork plainly visible. Department of Conservation, MoMA
  • Micro-raking
    Raking-light close-up image, as shot. Area of detail is 6.7 x 6.7 mm. Department of Conservation, MoMA
    Raking-light close-up image, processed. Processing included removal of color, equalization of the histogram, and sharpening, all designed to enhance visual comparison. Department of Conservation, MoMA

Paper Material

  • Format Unknown
  • Weight Single weight
  • Thickness (mm) 0.17
  • UV Fluorescence Recto negative
    Verso negative
  • Fiber Analysis Softwood bleached sulfite 69%
    Rag 20%
    Bast 11%
  • Material Techniques Developing-out paper
  • XRF

    This work was determined to be a gelatin silver print via X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry.

    The following elements have been positively identified in the work, through XRF readings taken from its recto and verso (or from the mount, where the verso was not accessible):

    • Recto: P, S, Ca, Zn, Sr, Ag, Ba
    • Verso: Al, Si, S, Ca, Zn, Sr, Ba

    The graphs below show XRF spectra for three areas on the print: two of the recto—from areas of maximum and minimum image density (Dmax and Dmin)—and one of the verso or mount. The background spectrum represents the contribution of the XRF instrument itself. The first graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the lower energy range (0 to 8 keV). The second graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the higher energy range (8 to 40 keV).

    Areas examined: Recto (Dmax: black; Dmin: green), Verso or Mount (blue), Background (red)
    Elements identified: Al, Si, P, S, Ca, Ba
    Areas examined: Recto (Dmax: black; Dmin: green), Verso or Mount (blue), Background (red)
    Elements identified: Zn, Sr, Ag

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