Front / Recto
- Title Golden Bird
- Negative Date 1920
- Print Date 1920–25
- Medium Gelatin silver print
- Dimensions Image 9 × 6 3/4" (22.9 × 17.1 cm)Sheet 9 5/16 × 7 1/16" (23.7 × 17.9 cm)
- Place Taken Paris
- Credit Line Thomas Walther Collection. The Family of Man Fund and gift of Elizabeth Lorentz, by exchange
- MoMA Accession Number 1636.2001
- Copyright © 2015 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris
Back / Verso
- Mount Type No mount
- Marks and Inscriptions Signed in pencil on sheet verso, top right: C. Brâncusi. Inscribed in pencil on sheet verso, top right: Maiastra/a Madame Mills. Inscribed in pencil on sheet verso, bottom right: Octant.
The artist, Paris; given to Mariette Mills, Paris and Clairefontaine-en-Yvelines, France . An architect, Paris ; to the architect's son, Paris ; through Hôtel Drouot, Paris, to Galerie Octant (Alain Paviot), Paris, 1985–86 ; purchased by Thomas Walther, June 23, 1986 ; purchased by The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2001.
 Inscription by the artist on sheet verso. Mariette Mills was a painter who gave the artist his dog, Polaire. Mariette and her husband, Heyworth Mills, were American expatriates in France with many connections in the art world. Brancusi planned to install one of his Bird in Space sculptures in the park on the couple’s property in Clairefontaine.
 Alain Paviot, e-mails to Simon Bieling, June 13 and October 26, 2005; and Paviot, conversation with Maria Morris Hambourg, Paris, September 2013. Paviot does not remember the name of the architect or his son.
 Paviot, e-mails to Bieling; and Paviot, conversation with Hambourg.
 MacGill/Walther 2001(3), p. 3; and Paviot, e-mails to Bieling. Paviot said he acquired the print from a small auction in Paris.
 Galerie Octant invoice, June 23, 1983.
- Format Metric
- Weight Single weight
- Thickness (mm) 0.18
- UV Fluorescence Recto no data Verso no data
- Fiber Analysis Softwood bleached sulfite 35% Hardwood bleached sulfite 5% Rag 45% Bast 15%
- Material Techniques Developing-out paper
This work was determined to be a gelatin silver print via X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry.
The following elements have been positively identified in the work, through XRF readings taken from its recto and verso (or from the mount, where the verso was not accessible):
- Recto: S, Ca, Zn, Sr, Ag, Ba, Pb
- Verso: Al, Si, S, Ca, Fe, Zn, Sr, Ba, Pb
The graphs below show XRF spectra for three areas on the print: two of the recto—from areas of maximum and minimum image density (Dmax and Dmin)—and one of the verso or mount. The background spectrum represents the contribution of the XRF instrument itself. The first graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the lower energy range (0 to 8 keV). The second graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the higher energy range (8 to 40 keV).
Pound, Ezra. “Brancusi.” The Little Review 8 (Autumn 1921): 17.
- Cultural Hubs Paris