Narrator: On the wall you'll see a matrix of both shelter and refugee camp designs.
The first four columns represent contemporary responses to refugee emergencies. What's important to think about is how do we build in the most inhospitable contexts of the world? These include deserts, jungles. The projects offer a range of materials, as well as costs, that allow for minimal shelter, meaning a roof with walls, to be built in a fairly short period of time.
In the second column, you see the Japanese architect Shigeru Ban’s Paper Emergency Shelters. He's using paper tubes to form a structure that will then be covered with one of the conventional tarps that are provided quite often by NGOs and UN agencies.
Also in the second column is a photograph of a sandbag shelter, designed by the Iranian architect Nadar Khalili. You're seeing bags of sand that are literally taken from the landscape and then built into these organic forms that offer both expandability of the interior space, as well as permanent and sturdy wall solutions.
On the bottom left-hand corner, you see a proposed rain collecting shelter by the Jordanian architect Abeer Seikaly. The shelter in itself can collect rain water, and then not only cool the shelter, but also provide water to its inhabitants. Her unique designs are based on indigenous tent forms found throughout the deserts of the Middle East and the Near East.