Proof before the editioning of state VIII on fabric.
State Changes and Additions:
Changes from state II in engraving: female figure's head and upper body further delineated; baby's hair further delineated. Changes from state II by burnishing: female figure's facial features removed. Additions in pencil: female figure's facial features delineated and thumbs reconfigured, both anticipating state IV.
"Umbilical Cord" relates to a monumental installation for the inaugural exhibition in Tate Modern's Turbine Hall in 2000. The installation consisted of "Maman," a 30' steel sculpture of a spider, and "I Do, I Undo, I Redo," three steel towers ranging in height from 42' to 57'. Each tower contained a different sculpture of a mother and child inside a bell jar. The sculpture in the tower titled, "I Redo," featured a mother and child attached by an umbilical cord. Bourgeois also made another related print called "Do Not Abandon Me," 2000, which includes a similar mother and child.
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