Proof before the editioning of state VIII on fabric.
State Changes and Additions:
Changes from state III in engraving: female figure's facial features and thumbs reconfigured; hair surrounding face further delineated; ground lines further delineated, umbilical cord reinforced. Additions in red watercolor: female figure's body filled in; baby's body filled in, anticipating state IX; both figures' hair further delineated, anticipating state VI. Additions in blue watercolor: oval border delineated, anticipating state IX. Additions in gray watercolor: both figures' hair further delineated, anticipating state VI. Additions in pencil: female figure's hair and hairline further delineated, anticipating state VI.
"Umbilical Cord" relates to a monumental installation for the inaugural exhibition in Tate Modern's Turbine Hall in 2000. The installation consisted of "Maman," a 30' steel sculpture of a spider, and "I Do, I Undo, I Redo," three steel towers ranging in height from 42' to 57'. Each tower contained a different sculpture of a mother and child inside a bell jar. The sculpture in the tower titled, "I Redo," featured a mother and child attached by an umbilical cord. Bourgeois also made another related print called "Do Not Abandon Me," 2000, which includes a similar mother and child.
If you are interested in reproducing images from The Museum of Modern Art web site, please visit the Image Permissions page (www.moma.org/permissions). For additional information about using content from MoMA.org, please visit About this Site (www.moma.org/site).