Proof before the editioning of state VIII on fabric.
State Changes and Additions:
Additions in red pencil: reinforced overall, anticipating state II.
"Umbilical Cord" relates to a monumental installation for the inaugural exhibition in Tate Modern's Turbine Hall in 2000. The installation consisted of "Maman," a 30' steel sculpture of a spider, and "I Do, I Undo, I Redo," three steel towers ranging in height from 42' to 57'. Each tower contained a different sculpture of a mother and child inside a bell jar. The sculpture in the tower titled, "I Redo," featured a mother and child attached by an umbilical cord. Bourgeois also made another related print called "Do Not Abandon Me," 2000, which includes a similar mother and child.
According to Felix Harlan of Harlan & Weaver print workshop, Bourgeois initially worked with printer Sarah V on this project. In state I, Sarah V transferred the composition onto the plate using a roulette. Bourgeois then asked Harlan & Weaver to hire Sarah V as a workshop printer in order to carry on with this project. The subsequent states were done under the auspices of Harlan & Weaver and, thus, they are credited as printer.
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