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LOUISE BOURGEOIS: COMPLETE BOOKS & PRINTS

Louise Bourgeois: Complete Books & Prints
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NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION

Cat. No. 829, unique variant 2

The Pacifiers (#2)

State/Variant:
Only state, unique variant
Date:
2007
Themes:
Abstraction, Objects
Techniques:
Etching
Description:
Soft ground etchings, with watercolor, gouache, and colored pencil additions
Support:
Paper
Dimensions:
plate: 54 15/16 × 14 3/16" (139.6 × 36 cm); sheet: 59 1/8 × 37 1/2" (150.2 × 95.3 cm)
Signature:
panel (b): "Louise Bourgeois" lower right margin, pencil.
Publisher:
Osiris, New York
Printer:
Wingate Studio, Hinsdale, NH
Edition:
Unique
Impression:
Not numbered
Edition Information:
This is one of 10 unique variants that incorporate this plate, printed alone or in combination with other plates in multi-panel works. When the plate is used alone, the work is included in the Evolving Composition Diagram. When it is printed with another plate, it is included in Related Works in the Catalogue.

See Evolving Composition Diagram:
"Pacifers (#1)"
"The Pacifiers (#2)"
"The Pacifiers (#3)"
"The Pacifiers (#4)"
"The Pacifiers (#5)"
"The Pacifiers (#6)"
"The Pacifiers (#7)"
"The Pacifiers (#8)"

See Related Works in the Catalogue:
Untitled, no. 1 of 3, from the series, "I Want to Talk About Magic"
Untitled, no 1 of 4, from the series, "What Why When Where Who and How!!"

About "The Pacifiers" edition:
Within the edition of 19, there are variations in inking. Blue and red were used interchangeably to print the 4 stacks of circles seen throughout the composition. Impressions 1/19, 5/19, 7/19, 9/19, 10/19, 14/19, 15/19, 18/19, and 19/19 are identical. Impressions 2/19, 6/19, 8/19, and 16/19 are identical. Impressions 11/19 and 12/19 are identical. Impressions 3/19, 4/19, and 17/19 are each unique. Impression number 13/19 was not able to be examined; the color is unknown. For examples of the variations in inking, see the editioned impressions in the Evolving Composition Diagram below.

There is 1 known variant impression of the only state, outside the edition. It is printed in all black ink and can be seen in the Evolving Composition Diagram below. There are 2 known cancellation proofs, each with a large "X" drawn across the composition from each corner of the plate.
Background:
Benjamin Shiff, the director of the Osiris imprint, collaborated with Bourgeois in a highly experimental phase of printmaking that occupied the last years of her life, from 2005 to 2010. He first established a working relationship with the artist in the 1990s, but the late period is particularly noteworthy for the innovative and complex large-scale projects that evolved at that time. Shiff made use of professional workshops for printing, but he oversaw the creation of the printing plates as Bourgeois worked on them in her home studio. He also provided assistance as she added extensive hand additions and texts, and as she combined individual compositions into multi-panel works and illustrated books.
Curatorial Remarks:
The color of the hand additions and paper type could not be documented because this work is not in MoMA's Collection and could not be examined in person. The plate dimensions are from an impression in MoMA's Collection. The sheet dimensions were provided by the Louise Bourgeois Studio.

The Pacifiers
2006-2007

States

Louise Bourgeois. The Pacifiers. 2006
The Pacifiers
Only state, variant
2006
Published Louise Bourgeois. The Pacifiers. 2006
The Pacifiers
Only state
2006
Published Louise Bourgeois. The Pacifiers. 2006
The Pacifiers
Only state
2006
Published Louise Bourgeois. The Pacifiers. 2006
The Pacifiers
Only state
2006

Unique Variants

Published NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Pacifers (#1). 2006
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Pacifers (#1)
Only state, unique variant
2006
Published NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. The Pacifiers (#2). 2007
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION The Pacifiers (#2)
Only state, unique variant
2007
Published NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. The Pacifiers (#3). 2007
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION The Pacifiers (#3)
Only state, unique variant
2007
Published NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. The Pacifiers (#4). 2007
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION The Pacifiers (#4)
Only state, unique variant
2007
Published NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. The Pacifiers (#5). 2007
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION The Pacifiers (#5)
Only state, unique variant
2007
Published NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. The Pacifiers (#6). 2007
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION The Pacifiers (#6)
Only state, unique variant
2007
Published NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. The Pacifiers (#7). 2007
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION The Pacifiers (#7)
Only state, unique variant
2007
Published NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. The Pacifiers (#8). 2007
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION The Pacifiers (#8)
Only state, unique variant
2007