1 known variant impression of the only state, outside the edition
Within the edition of 19, there are variations in inking. Blue and red were used interchangeably to print the 4 stacks of circles seen throughout the composition. Impressions 1/19, 5/19, 7/19, 9/19, 10/19, 14/19, 15/19, 18/19, and 19/19 are identical. Impressions 2/19, 6/19, 8/19, and 16/19 are identical. Impressions 11/19 and 12/19 are identical. Impressions 3/19, 4/19, and 17/19 are each unique. Impression number 13/19 was not able to be examined; the color is unknown. For examples of the variations in inking, see the editioned impressions in the Evolving Composition Diagram below.
This impression, of the only state, outside the edition, is the only known impression printed in all black ink.
There are 2 known cancellation proofs, each with a large "X" drawn across the composition from each corner of the plate.
Outside the edition, there are 10 unique variants that incorporate this plate, printed alone or in combination with other plates in multi-panel works. When the plate is used alone, the work is included in the Evolving Composition Diagram. When it is printed with another plate, it is included in Related Works in the Catalogue.
See Evolving Composition Diagram: "Pacifers (#1)" "The Pacifiers (#2)" "The Pacifiers (#3)" "The Pacifiers (#4)" "The Pacifiers (#5)" "The Pacifiers (#6)" "The Pacifiers (#7)" "The Pacifiers (#8)"
See Related Works in the Catalogue: Untitled, no. 1 of 3, from the series, "I Want to Talk About Magic" Untitled, no 1 of 4, from the series, "What Why When Where Who and How!!"
Benjamin Shiff, the director of the Osiris imprint, collaborated with Bourgeois in a highly experimental phase of printmaking that occupied the last years of her life, from 2005 to 2010. He first established a working relationship with the artist in the 1990s, but the late period is particularly noteworthy for the innovative and complex large-scale projects that evolved at that time. Shiff made use of professional workshops for printing, but he oversaw the creation of the printing plates as Bourgeois worked on them in her home studio. He also provided assistance as she added extensive hand additions and texts, and as she combined individual compositions into multi-panel works and illustrated books.
Osiris put together a grouping of Bourgeois's late, large-scale soft ground etchings under the title "Turning Inwards." Nine sets were announced. Each "Turning Inwards" set is unique, containing a different number of prints. Sets include editioned prints as well as early proofs. Some also have multiple impressions of the same composition, due to differences in inking and wiping.
The "Turning Inwards" sets are not considered formal series that must be shown in their entirety; the prints in each set can be displayed separately.
Set #1 of 9 contains 67 prints and is in the Collection of the Museum of Modern Art. Set #2 contains 43 prints and is in the collection of the Tate Modern. Set #3 contains 38 prints. Set #4 contains 39 prints. The contents of sets #5-9 were not known by MoMA cataloguers, as of 2018.
The title "Turning Inwards" is given to the overall grouping and is also the title of one of the individual compositions within it. Titles that may appear in the various "Turning Inwards" sets are as follows:
1. À Baudelaire 2. Abandoned 3. Accumulations 4. Are You in Orbit? (#1) 5. Are You in Orbit? (#2) 6. The Awakening 7. The Chain of Events 8. The Fall 9. La Famille 10. Les Fleurs 11. I See You!!! 12. Incognito 13. Just Like Me 14. Knots 15. Leaves 16. Let My Children Come 17. Look Up! 18. Losing It 19. Love and Kisses 20. La Maladie de l'Amour 21. My Inner Life 22. My Secret Life 23. The Nest 24. Opening Up 25. The Pacifiers 26. Paddle Woman 27. Passages 28. Pendule 29. The Prey of an Anxiety 30. Sangsue 31. The Smell of Eucalyptus (#1) 32. The Smell of Eucalyptus (#2) 33. The Stretch 34. Swaying 35. Swelling 36. Turning Inwards 37. The Twist 38. The Unfolding 39. Up and Up
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