MoMA
A-|A+

LOUISE BOURGEOIS: COMPLETE BOOKS & PRINTS

Louise Bourgeois: Complete Books & Prints
Advanced Search

View Works Chronologically:

Compositions (1,574)
Sheets (5,410)



Showing 5 of 9

Cat. No. 537 (reprint)

Season's Greeting, plate 5 of 9, from the portfolio, Quarantania

State/Variant:
Only state
Date:
1944, reprinted 1990
Portfolio:
Quarantania (View All)
Themes:
Abstraction, Architecture, Nature
Techniques:
Drypoint, Engraving
Description:
Drypoint and engraving
Support:
Smooth, wove Arches paper
Dimensions:
plate: 4 x 6 15/16" (10.2 x 17.7 cm); sheet: 18 5/8 x 12 15/16" (47 x 33 cm)
Signature:
"Louise Bourgeois" lower right margin, pencil.
Publisher:
Galerie Lelong, Paris
Printer:
Piero Crommelynck, Paris
Edition:
50; plus 10 A.P. (numbered I-X)
Impression:
"EA III/X" lower left margin, pencil, unknown hand.
"EA III/X" lower center colophon, pencil, unknown hand.
Edition Information:
There is one known impression of the only state, outside the edition.

The colophon for the “Quarantania” portfolio states that “some [compositions] are individually titled, sometimes with a few variations.” It appears that Bourgeois occasionally inscribed titles or alternative titles while she was signing the prints.
Background:
Portfolio:
Since Galerie Lelong was exhibiting Bourgeois's sculpture, Jean Frémon, a gallery director, proposed undertaking a print project with her. It was decided to reprint plates executed earlier and still in Bourgeois's possession, because this work was unknown to the public. In 1990, after the plates had been stored for more than forty years, they were newly printed by Piero Crommelynck, and published for this portfolio. Only "Quarantania" (9), titled "Bosom Lady" in the 1940s, was reworked in 1990 by the artist.

The 1990 reprints differ in appearance from the 1940s impressions, due to corrosion of the plates and accidental scratching over time. Also, professional printing with uniform inking and wiping creates a darker plate tone. The prints were gathered in a portfolio to represent the work from the 1940s, with the title "Quarantania," deriving from the French "quarante," meaning "forty."

In preparing this project, proofs were also pulled from other old plates in the artist's possession. However, the poor condition of those plates made it impossible to achieve acceptable impressions (see "Youth," 1941-1944; "Laurel Easton," 1944; "Dame," 1948; and "The Burner," 1948). Proofs were also pulled from a 1970s and a 1980s plate. These were editioned and published as "Spirales," c. 1974, and "Femme Maison," 1984. Bourgeois chose a cover resembling that of "He Disappeared into Complete Silence," 1947 because she saw "Quarantania" as a continuation of that work.
Installation Remarks:
The 9 compositions that make up this portfolio can be exhibited together, in any order, or individually.
Curatorial Remarks:
The date for this composition differs from the "c. 1945" date recorded in the 1994 catalogue, "The Prints of Louise Bourgeois." This is due to the discovery of what is believed to be the source work.

This composition is known only through the 1990 reprinting. It is conceivable that there were one or more states prior to this one, as this state includes burnishing, drypoint, and engraving. However, no known impressions of earlier states exist.

The colophon for the “Quarantania” portfolio states that the plates were engraved by Bourgeois at Stanley William Hayter’s Atelier 17 workshop in 1947. However, dates for the compositions vary and the fact that all were engraved and printed at Hayter’s workshop could not be confirmed. At this time, Bourgeois also worked on prints at home with a small press.
Former Cat. No.:
W & S 4
MoMA Credit Line:
Gift of the artist
MoMA Accession Number:
259.1992.5
This Work in Other Collections:
Bibliothéque Nationale de France, Paris
Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, NE
Kunstmuseum Bern, Switzerland
Minneapolis Institute of Art, MN
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN (Impression no. 17/50)

Season's Greeting, plate 5 of 9, from the portfolio, Quarantania
1944, reprinted and published in 1990

Source
1944

NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Season's Greetings. 1944
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Season's Greetings
Ink on foil mounted on paper
1944

States

Published Louise Bourgeois. Season's Greeting, plate 5 of 9, from the portfolio, Quarantania. 1944, reprinted 1990
Only state
1944, reprinted 1990

Portfolio
1990