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LOUISE BOURGEOIS: COMPLETE BOOKS & PRINTS

Louise Bourgeois: Complete Books & Prints
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Cat. No. 748

Opening Up

State/Variant:
Only state
Date:
2008
Themes:
Abstraction, Nature
Techniques:
Etching
Description:
Soft ground etching, with selective wiping
Support:
Smooth, wove paper
Dimensions:
plate: 55 1/2 x 14 3/4" (141 x 37.5 cm); sheet: 60 1/8 x 18 3/8" (152.7 x 46.7 cm)
Signature:
"Louise Bourgeois" lower right margin, pencil.
Inscription:
Verso: "opening up" center sheet, pencil, artist's hand
Publisher:
Osiris, New York
Printer:
Wingate Studio, Hinsdale, NH
Edition:
9
Impression:
"6/9" lower left margin, pencil, artist's hand.
Edition Information:
Within the edition, selective wiping varies from impression to impression. There is 1 known impression of the only state, outside the edition.

Outside the edition, there are 10 unique variants that incorporate this plate, printed alone or in combination with other plates in multi-panel works. Most include extensive hand additions and sometimes partial inking of the plate. When the plate is used alone, the work is included in the Evolving Composition Diagram. When it is printed with other plates, it is included in Related Works in the Catalogue.

See Evolving Composition Diagram:
Untitled, plate 4 of 9, from the illustrated book, "Differentiate"
Untitled, no. 3 of 3, from the series, "This Need"
"Elle"
Untitled, no. 2 of 3, from the series, "Jalouse"
Untitled, no. 1 of 4, from the series, "Have a Little Courage"
"Les Matins Se Lèvent"
Untitled, no. 6 of 6, from the series, "I Give Everything Away"

See Related Works in the Catalogue:
"A Stretch of Time"
"The Geometry of Pleasure (#2)"
Untitled, no. 3 of 3, from the series, "Jalouse"
Background:
Benjamin Shiff, the director of the Osiris imprint, collaborated with Bourgeois in a highly experimental phase of printmaking that occupied the last years of her life, from 2005 to 2010. He first established a working relationship with the artist in the 1990s, but the late period is particularly noteworthy for the innovative and complex large-scale projects that evolved at that time. Shiff made use of professional workshops for printing, but he oversaw the creation of the printing plates as Bourgeois worked on them in her home studio. He also provided assistance as she added extensive hand additions and texts, and as she combined individual compositions into multi-panel works and illustrated books.

Osiris put together a grouping of Bourgeois's late, large-scale soft ground etchings under the title "Turning Inwards." Nine sets were announced. Each "Turning Inwards" set is unique, containing a different number of prints. Sets include editioned prints as well as early proofs. Some also have multiple impressions of the same composition, due to differences in inking and wiping.

The "Turning Inwards" sets are not considered formal series that must be shown in their entirety; the prints in each set can be displayed separately.

Set #1 of 9 contains 67 prints and is in the Collection of the Museum of Modern Art. Set #2 contains 43 prints and is in the collection of the Tate Modern. Set #3 contains 38 prints. Set #4 contains 39 prints. The contents of sets #5-9 were not known by MoMA cataloguers, as of 2018.

The title "Turning Inwards" is given to the overall grouping and is also the title of one of the individual compositions within it. Titles that may appear in the various "Turning Inwards" sets are as follows:

1. À Baudelaire
2. Abandoned
3. Accumulations
4. Are You in Orbit? (#1)
5. Are You in Orbit? (#2)
6. The Awakening
7. The Chain of Events
8. The Fall
9. La Famille
10. Les Fleurs
11. I See You!!!
12. Incognito
13. Just Like Me
14. Knots
15. Leaves
16. Let My Children Come
17. Look Up!
18. Losing It
19. Love and Kisses
20. La Maladie de l'Amour
21. My Inner Life
22. My Secret Life
23. The Nest
24. Opening Up
25. The Pacifiers
26. Paddle Woman
27. Passages
28. Pendule
29. The Prey of an Anxiety
30. Sangsue
31. The Smell of Eucalyptus (#1)
32. The Smell of Eucalyptus (#2)
33. The Stretch
34. Swaying
35. Swelling
36. Turning Inwards
37. The Twist
38. The Unfolding
39. Up and Up

This impression is in MoMA's set #1 of 9.
Curatorial Remarks:
Although "Opening Up" was not editioned until 2008, the plate was developed one year earlier and impressions were included in 2 works completed in 2007.
MoMA Credit Line:
Gift of the artist
MoMA Accession Number:
267.2011
This Work in Other Collections:
Tate Modern, London

Opening Up
2007-2010

States

Louise Bourgeois. Opening Up. 2008
Opening Up
Only state, variant
2008
Published Louise Bourgeois. Opening Up. 2008
Opening Up
Only state
2008

Unique Variants

Published NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Untitled, plate 4 of 9, from the illustrated book, Differentiate. 2007
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Untitled, plate 4 of 9, from the illustrated book, Differentiate
Only state, unique variant
2007
Published NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Untitled, no. 3 of 3, from the series, This Need. 2007
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Untitled, no. 3 of 3, from the series, This Need
Only state, unique variant
2007
Published NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Elle. 2009
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Elle
Only state, unique variant
2009
Published NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Untitled, no. 1 of 4, from the series, Have a Little Courage. 2009
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Untitled, no. 1 of 4, from the series, Have a Little Courage
Only state, unique variant
2009
Published NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Untitled, no. 2 of 3, from the series, Jalouse. 2009
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Untitled, no. 2 of 3, from the series, Jalouse
Unique variant
2009
Published NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Untitled, no. 6 of 6, from the series, I Give Everything Away. 2010
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Untitled, no. 6 of 6, from the series, I Give Everything Away
Only state, unique variant
2010
Published NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Les Matins Se Lèvent. 2010
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Les Matins Se Lèvent
Only state, unique variant
2010

Illustrated Book
2007

NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Differentiate. 2007
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Differentiate
2007
More About This Work

Series
2007

NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. This Need. 2007
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION This Need
2007
More About This Work

Series
2009

NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Have a Little Courage. 2009
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Have a Little Courage
2009
More About This Work

Series
2009

NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Jalouse. 2009
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Jalouse
2009
More About This Work

Series
2010

NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. I Give Everything Away. 2010
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION I Give Everything Away
2010
More About This Work