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LOUISE BOURGEOIS: COMPLETE BOOKS & PRINTS

Louise Bourgeois: Complete Books & Prints
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Cat. No. 96/VI (fabric)

Spiraling Eyes

State/Variant:
State VI of VI
Date:
2000
Themes:
Fabric Works, Faces & Portraits, Spirals
Techniques:
Drypoint
Description:
Drypoint, with selective wiping
Support:
Fabric
Dimensions:
plate: 5 13/16 x 4 15/16" (14.7 x 12.5 cm); sheet: 11 x 10 7/8" (28 x 27.7 cm)
Signature:
"LB" right lower margin, stitched in red thread.
Publisher:
The artist
Printer:
Harlan & Weaver, New York
Edition:
3 on fabric; plus an edition of 100 bound as the frontispiece for the illustrated book, "Les Éditions du Solstice: Annuaire de la Décennie, 1989-1999," and an unbound edition on paper of 20 A.P., 5 P.P., 5 H.C., 7 unnumbered
Impression:
3/3
Edition Information:
There are variations in the fabrics used for this edition, as is commonly found in the old fabrics Bourgeois chose to use as printing surfaces.

The 4 impressions of varying states labeled "HC" in red ink, in the artist's hand, are not conventional H.C. impressions, which would be of the final state.

The fabric edition is printed in black ink, and both the bound and unbound paper editions are printed in red ink.
State Changes and Additions:
Changes from state V in drypoint: facial features further delineated; spiral reinforced.
Background:
The publisher, Les Éditions du Solstice, a book collector's society, had issued Bourgeois's illustrated book, "Ode à ma mère," in 1995. Four years later, Jean-Claude Meyer, President of the society approached her with a second collaboration, to provide the frontispiece and sole illustration for a volume documenting their publications from 1989 until 1999. The result was state VI of this drypoint referencing poet and artist, Henri Michaux, which Bourgeois provided as a benefit print for the publisher.

This volume gives a history of Les Éditions du Solstice. It was founded under French law in 1901 to promote "bibliophilism", or the love and collection of books. Most of its members had previously received honorary titles such as "Legion d'honneur," "Ordre National du merite," and "Croiz de la Valeur Militaire." The full membership meets annually. Under its charter, the society publishes deluxe limited editions of illustrated literary works, with a new volume coming out every year or few years. The maximum edition is 120, and copies are distributed to the membership to encourage discussion.

This volume gives a full listing of the association's current membership and also celebrates the four books published between 1989-1999: "Les Eaux Etroites" by Julien Gracq, with illustratrations by Matta; "La Nouvelle chute de l'Amerique" by Allen Ginsberg, with illustrations by Roy Lichtenstein; "Ode à ma mère" written and illustrated by Bourgeois; and "Sans Titre" by Han Magnus Enzensberger, with illustrations by Markus Lupertz.
Artist’s Remarks:
Inscribed on the recto of the source drawing: "Spinning Eyes of / Henri Michaux / Unblinking eyes / of the undefeated"; and on the verso: "What is the shape of a problem / unblinking eyes through a drop [illeg.]of history / gaze of De Lioze [illeg.]"
Curatorial Remarks:
There is a small hole in the vintage fabric at center left in the plate.
Other Remarks:
Bourgeois's inscription on the source drawing for this drypoint refers to Henri Michaux (1899-1984), a Belgian-born literary figure and artist, who later became a French citizen. According to Bourgeois's assistant, Jerry Gorovoy, she met Michaux in Paris. Having always admired his writing, she asked Michaux why he had turned to drawings, which she did not like as much. Michaux told her it was the influence of drugs.
MoMA Credit Line:
Gift of the artist and Harlan & Weaver, Inc.
MoMA Accession Number:
1456.2001

Spiraling Eyes
1999-2000

Source
1999

NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Spinning Eyes of Henri Michaux. 1999
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Spinning Eyes of Henri Michaux
Pencil on paper
1999

States

Louise Bourgeois. Spiraling Eyes, frontispiece, from the illustrated book, Les Éditions du Solstice: Annuaire de la Décennie, 1989-1999. 1999
State I of VI
1999
Louise Bourgeois. Spiraling Eyes, frontispiece, from the illustrated book, Les Éditions du Solstice: Annuaire de la Décennie, 1989-1999. 1999
State II of VI
1999
Louise Bourgeois. Spiraling Eyes, frontispiece, from the illustrated book, Les Éditions du Solstice: Annuaire de la Décennie, 1989-1999. 1999
State III of VI, variant
1999
Louise Bourgeois. Spiraling Eyes, frontispiece, from the illustrated book, Les Éditions du Solstice: Annuaire de la Décennie, 1989-1999. 1999
State III of VI, variant
1999
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Spiraling Eyes, frontispiece, from the illustrated book, Les Éditions du Solstice: Annuaire de la Décennie, 1989-1999. 1999
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION State IV of VI
1999
Louise Bourgeois. Spiraling Eyes, frontispiece, from the illustrated book, Les Éditions du Solstice: Annuaire de la Décennie, 1989-1999. 1999
State V of VI
1999
Published Louise Bourgeois. Spiraling Eyes, frontispiece, from the illustrated book, Les Éditions du Solstice: Annuaire de la Décennie, 1989-1999. 1999
State VI of VI
1999
Published Louise Bourgeois. Spiraling Eyes. 1999
State VI of VI
1999
Published Louise Bourgeois. Spiraling Eyes. 2000
State VI of VI
2000