MoMA
A-|A+

LOUISE BOURGEOIS: COMPLETE BOOKS & PRINTS

Louise Bourgeois: Complete Books & Prints
Advanced Search

View Works Chronologically:

Compositions (1,574)
Sheets (5,410)



Showing 58 of 567

Cat. No. 414/IV

During the War: Shortage of Food in Easton

State/Variant:
State IV of IV
Date:
1942-1944
Alternate Title:
Coeur de Chêne (Heart of Oak)
Themes:
Objects
Techniques:
Relief
Description:
Woodcut
Support:
Smooth, wove paper
Dimensions:
composition: 11 3/16 x 8 7/16" (28.4 x 21.5 cm); sheet: 12 3/16 x 8 7/16" (31 x 21.5 cm)
Signature:
Not signed
Inscription:
The alternate title "Coeur de Chêne" derives from inscriptions on other known impressions of this composition.
Publisher:
unpublished
Printer:
The artist
Edition:
1 known impression of state IV
Impression:
Not numbered
Edition Information:
Not issued as a published edition at any state.

Matrices:
The progression of this composition, as seen in the Evolving Composition Diagram below, involved 5 blocks and 10 colors.

Block 1: lower cabinet, horizontal lines on floor, thin vertical lines at upper left and upper right.

Block 2: floor, cabinet counter top, background patterns in upper left half.

Block 3: irregular shapes in upper left.

Block 4: background surface of upper half and lower center.

Block 5: rows of shapes in top portion of cabinet.
State Changes and Additions:
Block 5 printed in green and dark blue, over block 1 printed in black, over block 2 printed in rose, over block 4 printed in dark red and turquoise.
Change from state III, in block 1: top edge of lower cabinet further articulated.
Background:
This composition was previously catalogued as a linoleum cut, but the Louise Bourgeois Studio discovered some of the blocks that were used to create this woodcut on the back of an oil painting on wood titled "Connecticutiana" from 1944-1945. See below in Related Works in Other Mediums.
Artist’s Remarks:
In 1941, Bourgeois and her family purchased a small country house in Easton, Connecticut, which remains in the family. The cupboard depicted in this woodcut was a notable piece of furniture in that house. For Bourgeois, the cupboard represented the shortages of wartime and the need to store food. "To see all those jars was comforting," she remembered later. "People had to keep jars of food because they didn't have refrigeration. It was just the beginning of refrigeration." The alternate title "Coeur de Chêne" refers to the oak from which the cabinet was made. Bourgeois remarked: "The wood was cut from the center and that part is of the highest quality." (Quotes cited in Wye, Deborah and Carol Smith. "The Prints of Louise Bourgeois." New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1994, p. 46.)
Former Cat. No.:
W & S 9
MoMA Credit Line:
Gift of the artist
MoMA Accession Number:
239.1992.3

During the War: Shortage of Food in Easton
1942-1944

Source
1942

NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. During the War: Shortage of Food in Easton. 1942
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION During the War: Shortage of Food in Easton
Pencil and crayon on paper
1942

States

Louise Bourgeois. During the War: Shortage of Food in Easton. 1942-1944
State I of IV
1942-1944
Louise Bourgeois. During the War: Shortage of Food in Easton. 1942-1944
State II of IV
1942-1944
Louise Bourgeois. During the War: Shortage of Food in Easton. 1942-1944
State III of IV
1942-1944
Louise Bourgeois. During the War: Shortage of Food in Easton. 1942-1944
State IV of IV
1942-1944