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LOUISE BOURGEOIS: COMPLETE BOOKS & PRINTS

Louise Bourgeois: Complete Books & Prints
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Cat. No. 506.1-2/diptych 6

Male and Female

State/Variant:
Diptych: Version 1 of 3, state VII of VII, and version 2 of 3, state VIII of VIII
Date:
2005
Themes:
Animals & Insects
Techniques:
Aquatint, Drypoint
Description:
left side (a): drypoint, engraving, and aquatint, with cream chine collé; right side (b): drypoint and engraving, with cream chine collé
Support:
Smooth, wove Arches Cover paper with Hiromi Shikibu chine collé
Dimensions:
plate (a): 14 x 10" (35.2 x 25.2 cm); plate (b): 14 x 10" (35.2 x 25.2 cm); sheet (overall): 18 1/4 x 25 1/2" (46.3 x 64.7 cm)
Signature:
left side (a): "Louise Bourgeois 2005" lower middle margin, pencil; right side (b): "Louise Bourgeois 2005" lower right margin, pencil.
Publisher:
Harlan & Weaver, New York
Printer:
Harlan & Weaver, New York
Edition:
35; plus 7 A.P., 5 P.P., 2 H.C., 1 B.A.T., 1 T.P.
Impression:
"hc 1/2" lower left margin, pencil, unknown hand
Edition Information:
This composition was also issued as a published edition at version 3, state II, titled "Le Chat."

There are 5 known diptych impressions, outside the edition. Diptychs outside the editon are combinations of the first and second versions of this composition, at various states.
State Changes and Additions:
Left side (a): Version 1, state VII
Changes from version 1, state VI, by burnishing: four nipples on cat’s left abdomen removed.
Changes from version 1, state VI, in drypoint: fur added to cat’s back; nipples redrawn.

Right side (b): Version 2, state VIII
Changes from version 1: version 1, state I composition inverted and transferred to a new, identically sized plate, in drypoint.
Changes from version 2, state VII, by burnishing: right eye removed; left paw partially removed; back of neck narrowed; and contours softened overall.
Changes from version 2, state VII, in drypoint: tail, right eye, and left paw reconfigured; shading and fur added overall; whiskers reinforced.
Changes from version 2, state VII, in aquatint: shading added overall.
Background:
In the 1950s, when Bourgeois was living with her husband and children in an apartment on 18th Street in New York City, the family had two cats: Champfleurette and Tyger.
Installation Remarks:
These two compositions constitute a single work of art. They are to be framed together approximately one inch apart, with a continuous horizon line.
Curatorial Remarks:
It appears that the unique shading seen on the female cat's fur was created by using fine strokes of stop-out varnish or asphaltum before aquatint was added to the plate.

Although the development of the Male and Female diptych has been divided into first and second versions for clarity, Bourgeois worked on both plates concurrently.
Other Remarks:
According to printer Felix Harlan, the third, smaller version in the Evolving Composition Diagram was initially created as a test plate. Aquatint was being considered to add shading to the male cat. Ultimately, Bourgeois decided against aquatint for the shading, but she liked the compositional fragment on the test plate. She added the contour of the cat's body and editioned this version as "Le Chat" on handmade paper.
MoMA Credit Line:
Gift of the Artist
MoMA Accession Number:
328.2009.a-b

Male and Female
2001-2005

Source
2001

NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Female. 2001
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Female
Watercolor, ink, pencil, colored pencil, and white correction fluid on paper
2001

First Version

Louise Bourgeois. Female from Male and Female. c. 2001
Version 1 of 3, state I of VII, variant
c. 2001
Louise Bourgeois. Female from Male and Female. c. 2001
Version 1 of 3, state I of VII, variant
c. 2001
Louise Bourgeois. Female from Male and Female. 2001
Version 1 of 3, state I of VII, variant
2001
Louise Bourgeois. Female from Male and Female. c. 2003
Version 1 of 3, state II of VII
c. 2003
Louise Bourgeois. Female from Male and Female. c. 2003
Version 1 of 3, state II of VII, variant
c. 2003
Louise Bourgeois. Female from Male and Female. c. 2003
Version 1 of 3, state II of VII, variant
c. 2003
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Female from Male and Female. 2004
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Version 1 of 3, state II of VII, variant
2004
Louise Bourgeois. Female from Male and Female. 2004
Version 1 of 3, state IV of VII
2004
Louise Bourgeois. Female from Male and Female. 2004
Version 1 of 3, state V of VII
2004
Louise Bourgeois. Female from Male and Female. 2004
Version 1 of 3, state VI of VII
2004
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Female from Male and Female. 2004
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Version 1 of 3, state VI of VII, variant
2004

Second Version

Louise Bourgeois. Male from Male and Female. c. 2001
Version 2 of 3, state I of VIII, variant
c. 2001
Louise Bourgeois. Male from Male and Female. c. 2001
Version 2 of 3, state I of VIII, variant
c. 2001
Louise Bourgeois. Male from Male and Female. 2001
Version 2 of 3, state I of VIII, variant
2001
Louise Bourgeois. Male from Male and Female. c. 2003
Version 2 of 3, state II of VIII
c. 2003
Louise Bourgeois. Male from Male and Female. c. 2003
Version 2 of 3, state III of VIII, variant
c. 2003
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Male from Male and Female. 2004
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Version 2 of 3, state III of VIII, variant
2004
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Male from Male and Female. 2004
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Version 2 of 3, state III of VIII, variant
2004
Louise Bourgeois. Male from Male and Female. 2004
Version 2 of 3, state VI of VIII
2004
Louise Bourgeois. Male from Male and Female. c. 2004
Version 2 of 3, state VII of VIII
c. 2004

Diptych Version

Louise Bourgeois. Male and Female. 2001
Diptych: Version 1 of 3, state I of VII, variant, and version 2 of 3, state I of VIII
2001
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Male and Female. 2004
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Diptych: Version 1 of 3, state III of VII, variant, and version 2 of 3, state IV of VIII
2004
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Male and Female. 2004
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Diptych: Version 1 of 3, state II of VII, variant, and version 2 of 3, state VI of VIII, variant
2004
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Male and Female. 2004
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Diptych: Version 1 of 3, state II of VII, variant, and version 2 of 3, state III of VIII, variant
2004
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Male and Female. 2004
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Diptych: Version 1 of 3, state III of VII, variant, and version 2 of 3, state V of VIII
2004
Published Louise Bourgeois. Male and Female. 2005
Diptych: Version 1 of 3, state VII of VII, and version 2 of 3, state VIII of VIII
2005

Third Version

Louise Bourgeois. Le Chat. c. 2004
Version 3 of 3, state I of II
c. 2004
Published NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Louise Bourgeois. Le Chat. 2004
NOT IN MoMA'S COLLECTION Version 3 of 3, state II of II
2004