How to make a photogram

What you will need:

Darkroom access
Black-and-white photographic paper
Developer, stop bath, water, fixer
Several small objects from home, school, or outside


  1. Collect a range of small translucent and opaque objects—allowing different levels of light to shine through.
  2. In a darkroom, place a piece of photographic paper, emulsion-side up, beneath an enlarger or light source.
  3. Arrange and layer objects on top of the light-sensitive paper.
  4. Expose the paper to light for approximately five to ten seconds, depending on the light level. The longer you expose the paper, the darker it will become when developed.
  5. You may want to rearrange, add, or remove objects and expose the paper again. Try using your hand to mask portions of the paper.
  6. Develop, stop, fix, rinse, and dry the photographic paper.
  7. After your photogram is dry, make a negative of the original. To do this, place the photogram face-down on top of a sheet of photographic paper, emulsion-side up. Place a small piece of glass on top of the photographic paper and expose them to light for approximately ten to fifteeen seconds.
  8. Develop, fix, rinse, and dry the paper to get the negative of your original photogram.
  9. Experiment with other objects and other exposures to achieve different results!