Front / Recto

  • Title Untitled
  • Negative Date 1923–24
  • Print Date 1923–55
  • Medium Gelatin silver print
  • Dimensions Image 6 3/4 × 8 13/16" (17.1 × 22.4 cm)
    Mount 13 1/4 × 10 3/8" (33.6 × 26.3 cm)
  • Place Taken Berlin
  • Credit Line Thomas Walther Collection. Gift of Thomas Walther
  • MoMA Accession Number 1746.2001
  • Copyright © Estate Germaine Krull, Museum Folkwang, Essen

Back / Verso

  • Mount Type Mount (original)
  • Marks and Inscriptions Signed in pencil on mount recto, bottom right: germaine krull. Inscribed in pencil on mount verso, bottom right: TW 860602.
  • Provenance The artist, Paris [1]; to Archives Jean Selz, Paris [2]; by inheritance to François Meyer, Paris [3]; to Galerie Octant (Alain Paviot), Paris [4]; purchased by Thomas Walther, 1986 [5]; given to The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2001.
    [1] Alain Paviot, telephone conversation with Simon Bieling, April 1, 2005.
    [2] MacGill/Walther 2001(4), p. 5; and Paviot, conversation with Maria Morris Hambourg, Paris, September 2013.
    [3] MacGill/Walther 2001(4), p. 5; and Paviot, conversation with Hambourg.
    [4] MacGill/Walther 2001(4), p. 5; and Paviot, conversation with Hambourg.
    [5] MacGill/Walther 2001(4), p. 5; Paviot, conversation with Hambourg; and Galerie Octant invoice, June 23, 1986.

Surface

  • Surface Sheen Semireflective
  • Techniques Mount
    Retouching (additive)
  • PTM
    Detail view of the recto of the artwork made using reflectance transformation imaging (RTI) software, which exaggerates subtle surface details and renders the features of the artwork plainly visible. Department of Conservation, MoMA
  • Micro-raking
    Raking-light close-up image, as shot. Area of detail is 6.7 x 6.7 mm. Department of Conservation, MoMA
    Raking-light close-up image, processed. Processing included removal of color, equalization of the histogram, and sharpening, all designed to enhance visual comparison. Department of Conservation, MoMA

Paper Material

  • Format Unknown
  • UV Fluorescence Recto negative
    Verso no data
  • Fiber Analysis No fiber data available
  • Material Techniques Developing-out paper
    Baryta-less paper
  • XRF

    This work was determined to be a gelatin silver print via X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry.

    The following elements have been positively identified in the work, through XRF readings taken from its recto and verso (or from the mount, where the verso was not accessible):

    • Recto: P, S, Ca, Cr, Fe, Zn, Br, Sr, Ag, Ba, Pb
    • Mount: Al, Si, P, S, K, Ca, Ti, Fe, Zn, Sr, Pb

    The graphs below show XRF spectra for three areas on the print: two of the recto—from areas of maximum and minimum image density (Dmax and Dmin)—and one of the verso or mount. The background spectrum represents the contribution of the XRF instrument itself. The first graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the lower energy range (0 to 8 keV). The second graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the higher energy range (8 to 40 keV).

    Areas examined: Recto (Dmax: black; Dmin: green), Verso or Mount (blue), Background (red)
    Elements identified: Al, Si, P, S, K, Ca, Ti, Cr, Ag, Ba
    Areas examined: Recto (Dmax: black; Dmin: green), Verso or Mount (blue), Background (red)
    Elements identified: Fe, Zn, Br, Sr, Ag, Pb

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