Front / Recto

  • Title Third Avenue Elevated
  • Negative Date 1949
  • Print Date 1949–60
  • Medium Gelatin silver print
  • Dimensions Image 9 1/2 × 6 3/8" (24.2 × 16.2 cm)
    Sheet 10 × 6 3/4" (25.4 × 17.2 cm)
  • Place Taken New York
  • Credit Line Thomas Walther Collection. Gift of Thomas Walther
  • MoMA Accession Number 1664.2001
  • Copyright © 2015 Ralston Crawford Estate

Back / Verso

  • Mount Type No mount
  • Marks and Inscriptions Inscribed in pencil on sheet verso, top: THIRD AVENUEELEVATED/BY RALSTON/CRAWFORD/photog. [illegible]. Signed in pencil on sheet verso, top center: photo by/Ralston Crawford. Inscribed in pencil on sheet verso, top left: top [underlined]. Inscribed in red pen on sheet verso, top left: [illegible]; and top right: x. Inscribed in pencil on sheet verso, center: M9. Stamped in black ink on sheet verso, bottom left: RALSTON CRAWFORD ESTATE/RCE NO. [inscribed in black ink: P38] [with rectangular outline]. Inscribed in pencil on sheet verso, bottom right: 119.
  • Provenance The artist; by inheritance to the artist’s sons [1]; to the estate of Ralston Crawford (Edwynn Houk), 1986 [2]; purchased by Barry Friedman, New York, May 1989 [3]; purchased by Laurence Miller Gallery, New York, December 1995 [4]; purchased by Thomas Walther, December 13, 1995 [5]; given to The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2001.
    [1] Matthew Ortiz (Edwynn Houk Gallery), e-mail to Maria Morris Hambourg, April 30, 2014.
    [2] Ibid.; estate stamp on sheet verso; and Andrew Blaize Bovassa (Barry Friedman Ltd.), letter to Audrey Sands, September 5, 2013;
    [2] MacGill/Walther 2001(4), p. 3; and Bovassa, letter to Sands.
    [3] MacGill/Walther 2001(4), p. 3; Bovassa, letter to Sands; and Laurence Miller, letter to Sands, September 10, 2013.
    [4] MacGill/Walther 2001(4), p. 3; Miller, letter to Sands; and Laurence Miller Gallery invoice no. 95-3905, December 13, 1995, annotated with Miller accession no. RCRAW95013.

Surface

  • Surface Sheen Glossy
  • Techniques Enlargement
  • PTM
    View of the recto of the artwork made using reflectance transformation imaging (RTI) software, which exaggerates subtle surface details and renders the features of the artwork plainly visible. Department of Conservation, MoMA

Paper Material

  • Format Imperial
  • Weight Single weight
  • Thickness (mm) 0.18
  • UV Fluorescence Recto negative
    Verso negative
  • Fiber Analysis Softwood bleached sulfite 98%
    Rag 1%
    Hardwood bleached sulfite 1%
  • Material Techniques Developing-out paper
  • XRF

    This work was determined to be a gelatin silver print via X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry.

    The following elements have been positively identified in the work, through XRF readings taken from its recto and verso (or from the mount, where the verso was not accessible):

    • Recto: not available
    • Verso: Al, P, S, Ca, Sr, Ba

    The graphs below show XRF spectra for three areas on the print: two of the recto—from areas of maximum and minimum image density (Dmax and Dmin)—and one of the verso or mount. The background spectrum represents the contribution of the XRF instrument itself. The first graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the lower energy range (0 to 8 keV). The second graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the higher energy range (8 to 40 keV).

    Areas examined: Verso (blue), Background (red)
    Elements identified: Al, P, S, Ca, Ba
    Areas examined: Verso (blue), Background (red)
    Elements identified: Sr

In Context

Related Images

Ralston Crawford. Third Avenue Elevated #1. 1952. Lithograph, 10 3/8 x 17 3/8" (26.4 x 44.1 cm). The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Fund. © 2014 Ralston Crawford Estate

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