Front / Recto

  • Title Chaplin Costume (Carnival Study II) (Kostüm Chaplin)
  • Negative Date 1928
  • Print Date 1928–35
  • Medium Gelatin silver print
  • Dimensions Image 9 5/16 × 6 13/16" (23.7 × 17.3 cm)
  • Place Taken Bremen
  • Credit Line Thomas Walther Collection. Acquired through the generosity of Peter Norton
  • MoMA Accession Number 1840.2001
  • Copyright © 2015 Werner Rohde / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Germany

Back / Verso

  • Mount Type No mount
  • Marks and Inscriptions Stamped in black ink on sheet verso, top center: FOTOGRAFIE/WERNER ROHDE/BREMEN. Inscribed in blue pencil on sheet verso, top right: Ro. 11 [11 is circled and the inscription is underlined and crossed out] and Ro. 11. Red label affixed to sheet verso, center, with text printed in black ink: COPYRIGHT by [inscribed in pencil: Rohde]/which kindly acknowledge./All enquiries concerning [inscribed in pencil: Rohde] Photos/for Great Britain and Colonies to :-/BEYER'S PUBLICATIONS,/[illegible text, crossed out] Foreign Department: F. H. LEHR)/Hamilton House, Piccadilly, W.1./TEL : GROSVENOR 4161./REF. NO. [inscribed in pencil: Ro. 11]. White label affixed to sheet verso, center, with text printed in black ink: Carnival Study II. Inscribed in black ink on sheet verso, bottom: Wilde in Germany. Inscribed in pencil on sheet verso, bottom: PF 25460.
  • Provenance The artist, Bremen/Worpswede, Germany; to Galerie Wilde (Ann and Jürgen Wilde), Cologne, 1976 [1]; purchased by Thomas Walther, 1981 [2]; purchased by The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2001.
    [1] MacGill/Walther 2000, p. 33; Jürgen Wilde, letter to Simon Bieling, May 12, 2005.
    [2] MacGill/Walther 2000, p. 33; and Wilde, letter to Bieling.

Surface

  • Surface Sheen Glossy
  • Techniques Retouching (additive)
    Enlargement
  • PTM
    Detail view of the recto of the artwork made using reflectance transformation imaging (RTI) software, which exaggerates subtle surface details and renders the features of the artwork plainly visible. Department of Conservation, MoMA
  • Micro-raking
    Raking-light close-up image, as shot. Area of detail is 6.7 x 6.7 mm. Department of Conservation, MoMA
    Raking-light close-up image, processed. Processing included removal of color, equalization of the histogram, and sharpening, all designed to enhance visual comparison. Department of Conservation, MoMA

Paper Material

  • Format Metric
  • Weight Double weight
  • Thickness (mm) 0.35
  • UV Fluorescence Recto negative
    Verso negative
  • Fiber Analysis Softwood bleached sulfite 71%
    Hardwood bleached sulfite 29%
  • Material Techniques Developing-out paper
  • XRF

    This work was determined to be a gelatin silver print via X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry.

    The following elements have been positively identified in the work, through XRF readings taken from its recto and verso (or from the mount, where the verso was not accessible):

    • Recto: S, Cl, Ca, Zn, Sr, Ag, Ba
    • Verso: Al, P, S, Ca, Zn, Sr, Ba

    The graphs below show XRF spectra for three areas on the print: two of the recto—from areas of maximum and minimum image density (Dmax and Dmin)—and one of the verso or mount. The background spectrum represents the contribution of the XRF instrument itself. The first graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the lower energy range (0 to 8 keV). The second graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the higher energy range (8 to 40 keV).

    Areas examined: Recto (Dmax: black; Dmin: green), Verso or Mount (blue), Background (red)
    Elements identified: Al, P, S, Ca, Sr, Ag, Ba
    Areas examined: Recto (Dmax: black; Dmin: green), Verso or Mount (blue), Background (red)
    Elements identified: Zn, Sr, Ag

In Context

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