Front / Recto

  • Title Untitled
  • Negative Date 1928
  • Print Date 1928–55
  • Medium Gelatin silver print
  • Dimensions Image 2 5/16 x 2 3/16" (5.8 x 5.6 cm)
    Sheet 2 9/16 × 2 1/2" (6.5 × 6.3 cm)
  • Place Taken Berlin
  • Credit Line Thomas Walther Collection. Paul C. Kovi Fund
  • MoMA Accession Number 1800.2001
  • Copyright © 2015 Gyula Pap, Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn

Back / Verso

  • Mount Type Mount (original)
  • Provenance The artist; probably by inheritance to the artist’s second wife, Dr. Lenke Haulisch-Pap, Budapest [1]; to Csaba Morocz, Paris, 1994 [2]; to Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York, 1994–95 [3]; purchased by Thomas Walther; purchased by The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2001.
    [1] Csaba Morocz, e-mail to Simon Bieling, June 11, 2005.
    [2] Ibid.; and MacGill/Walther 2001(3), p. 16.
    [3] MacGill/Walther 2001(3), p. 16; and Alicia Colen (Howard Greenberg Gallery), e-mail to Maria Morris Hambourg, October 25, 2013.

Surface

  • Surface Sheen Semireflective
  • Techniques Mount
    Contact print
  • PTM
    View of the recto of the artwork made using reflectance transformation imaging (RTI) software, which exaggerates subtle surface details and renders the features of the artwork plainly visible. Department of Conservation, MoMA
  • Micro-raking
    Raking-light close-up image, as shot. Area of detail is 6.7 x 6.7 mm. Department of Conservation, MoMA
    Raking-light close-up image, processed. Processing included removal of color, equalization of the histogram, and sharpening, all designed to enhance visual comparison. Department of Conservation, MoMA

Paper Material

  • Format Metric
  • UV Fluorescence Recto negative
    Verso no data
  • Fiber Analysis No fiber data available
  • Material Techniques Developing-out paper
  • XRF

    This work was determined to be a gelatin silver print via X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry.

    The following elements have been positively identified in the work, through XRF readings taken from its recto and verso (or from the mount, where the verso was not accessible):

    • Recto: S, Ca, Zn, Br, Sr, Ag, Ba
    • Verso or mount: not available

    The graphs below show XRF spectra for three areas on the print: two of the recto—from areas of maximum and minimum image density (Dmax and Dmin)—and one of the verso or mount. The background spectrum represents the contribution of the XRF instrument itself. The first graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the lower energy range (0 to 8 keV). The second graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the higher energy range (8 to 40 keV).

    Areas examined: Recto (Dmax: black; Dmin: green), Background (red)
    Elements identified: S, Ca, Br, Ag, Ba
    Areas examined: Recto (Dmax: black; Dmin: green), Background (red)
    Elements identified: Zn, Br, Sr, Ag

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