Front / Recto

  • Title Untitled (Rue Auber, Paris)
  • Negative Date 1926–28
  • Print Date 1926–30
  • Medium Gelatin silver print
  • Dimensions Image 6 5/8 x 9" (16.9 x 22.9 cm)
    Sheet 7 1/16 × 9 3/8" (18 × 23.8 cm)
  • Place Taken Paris
  • Credit Line Thomas Walther Collection. Gift of David H. McAlpin, by exchange
  • MoMA Accession Number 1752.2001
  • Copyright © Estate Germaine Krull, Museum Folkwang, Essen

Back / Verso

  • Mount Type No mount
  • Marks and Inscriptions Stamped in black ink on sheet verso, bottom center: COPYRIGHT BY/Germaine KRULL/PARIS [with square outline, oriented upside down with respect to image]. Inscribed in pencil on sheet verso, bottom edge: RMG# K29701042c.
  • Provenance The artist, Paris [1]; to Archives Jean Selz, Paris [2]; to François Meyer, Paris [3]; to Galerie Alain Paviot, Paris, by 1997 [4]; sold through Robert Miller Gallery (Howard Read) to Thomas Walther, 1997 [5]; purchased by The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2001.
    [1] Alain Paviot, telephone conversation with Simon Bieling, April 1, 2005.
    [2] MacGill/Walther, 2001(3), p. 12.
    [3] Ibid.
    [4] Ibid.
    [5] Ibid.; Paviot, conversation with Maria Morris Hambourg, Paris, September 2013; Robert Miller Gallery archival no. on sheet verso; and Robert Miller Gallery invoice no. 8803P, January 23, 1997. The print was exhibited in Galerie Alain Paviot: Vingt ans après at Robert Miller Gallery, January 8–February 8, 1997.

Surface

  • Surface Sheen Semireflective
  • PTM
    View of the recto of the artwork made using reflectance transformation imaging (RTI) software, which exaggerates subtle surface details and renders the features of the artwork plainly visible. Department of Conservation, MoMA
  • Micro-raking
    Raking-light close-up image, as shot. Area of detail is 6.7 x 6.7 mm. Department of Conservation, MoMA
    Raking-light close-up image, processed. Processing included removal of color, equalization of the histogram, and sharpening, all designed to enhance visual comparison. Department of Conservation, MoMA

Paper Material

  • Format Metric
  • Weight Double weight
  • Thickness (mm) 0.27
  • UV Fluorescence Recto negative
    Verso negative
  • Fiber Analysis Softwood bleached sulfite 85%
    Softwood bleached kraft/soda 6%
    Rag 4%
    Softwood bleached alpha 5%
  • Material Techniques Developing-out paper
  • XRF

    This work was determined to be a gelatin silver print via X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry.

    The following elements have been positively identified in the work, through XRF readings taken from its recto and verso (or from the mount, where the verso was not accessible):

    • Recto: P, S, Ca, Zn, Br, Sr, Ag, Ba, Pb
    • Verso: Al, Si, P, S, K, Ca, Fe, Zn, Sr, Ba, Pb

    The graphs below show XRF spectra for three areas on the print: two of the recto—from areas of maximum and minimum image density (Dmax and Dmin)—and one of the verso or mount. The background spectrum represents the contribution of the XRF instrument itself. The first graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the lower energy range (0 to 8 keV). The second graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the higher energy range (8 to 40 keV).

    Areas examined: Recto (Dmax: black; Dmin: green), Verso or Mount (blue), Background (red)
    Elements identified: Al, Si, P, S, K, Ca, Ag, Ba
    Areas examined: Recto (Dmax: black; Dmin: green), Verso or Mount (blue), Background (red)
    Elements identified: Fe, Zn, Br, Sr, Ag, Pb

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