Front / Recto

  • Title Juliet's Shadow Caged (Vision 11)
  • Negative Date 1938–39
  • Print Date 1950–60
  • Medium Gelatin silver print
  • Dimensions Image 8 3/8 x 6 3/4" (21.2 x 17.2 cm)
  • Place Taken Chicago
  • Credit Line Thomas Walther Collection. Gift of Russell Lynes, Isaac Lagnado, and György Kepes, by exchange
  • MoMA Accession Number 1713.2001
  • Copyright © 2015 Juliet K. Stone

Back / Verso

  • Mount Type No mount
  • Marks and Inscriptions Stamped in black ink on sheet verso, bottom right: CREDIT/GYÖRGY KEPES. Inscribed in pencil on sheet verso, bottom right: TW 900902.
  • Provenance The artist, Boston [1]; to an intermediary dealer (probably Brent Sikkema, New York), 1980s [2]; to Stephen Daiter Photography & Books, Chicago, by 1990 [3]; purchased by Thomas Walther, September 15, 1990 [4]; purchased by The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2001.
    [1] Lucas Zenk (Stephen Daiter Photography & Books), letter to Audrey Sands, September 12, 2013; and Zenk, e-mail to Sands, October 4, 2013.
    [2] MacGill/Walther 2001(3), p. 10; Zenk, letter to Sands; and Zenk, e-mail to Sands.
    [3] MacGill/Walther 2001(3), p. 10.
    [4] Ibid.; Thomas Walther archival no. TW 900902 on sheet verso; and Stephen Daiter Photography & Books sales order no. 2056, September 15, 1990. According to the sales order, the print was “sold at the first Chicago Photographic Print Fair.”

Back Printing

Detail showing Agfa logotype printed in ink on the verso of the photograph. In image processing, contrast was adjusted to enhance the readability of the logotype. The area of detail is 1 x 2 cm. Department of Conservation, MoMA


  • Surface Sheen Semireflective
  • Techniques Enlargement
  • PTM
    Detail view of the recto of the artwork made using reflectance transformation imaging (RTI) software, which exaggerates subtle surface details and renders the features of the artwork plainly visible. Department of Conservation, MoMA
  • Micro-raking
    Raking-light close-up image, as shot. Area of detail is 6.7 x 6.7 mm. Department of Conservation, MoMA
    Raking-light close-up image, processed. Processing included removal of color, equalization of the histogram, and sharpening, all designed to enhance visual comparison. Department of Conservation, MoMA

Paper Material

  • Format Unknown
  • Weight Double weight
  • Thickness (mm) 0.31
  • UV Fluorescence Recto positive
    Verso positive
  • Fiber Analysis Softwood bleached sulfite 80%
    Softwood bleached kraft/soda 3%
    Hardwood bleached sulfite 17%
  • Material Techniques Developing-out paper
    Back printing
  • XRF

    This work was determined to be a gelatin silver print via X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry.

    The following elements have been positively identified in the work, through XRF readings taken from its recto and verso (or from the mount, where the verso was not accessible):

    • Recto: P, S, Ca, Sr, Ag, Ba
    • Verso: Al, P, K, Ca, Zn, Sr, Ba

    The graphs below show XRF spectra for three areas on the print: two of the recto—from areas of maximum and minimum image density (Dmax and Dmin)—and one of the verso or mount. The background spectrum represents the contribution of the XRF instrument itself. The first graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the lower energy range (0 to 8 keV). The second graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the higher energy range (8 to 40 keV).

    Areas examined: Recto (Dmax: black; Dmin: green), Verso or Mount (blue), Background (red)
    Elements identified: Al, P, S, K, Ca, Ag, Ba
    Areas examined: Recto (Dmax: black; Dmin: green), Verso or Mount (blue), Background (red)
    Elements identified: Zn, Sr, Ag

In Context

Related Images

György Kepes. Juliet with Peacock Feather. 1937/38. Gelatin silver print with gouache, 6 x 4 1/2" (15.2 x 11.6 cm). The Art Institute of Chicago. Maurice D. Galleher Endowment. © Juliet Kepes Stone
György Kepes. Solarization. c. 1938. Gelatin silver print, 13 x 11" (33.1 x 28.1 cm). The Art Institute of Chicago. Mary L. and Leigh B. Block Endowment. © Juliet Kepes Stone

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