Front / Recto

  • Title Untitled (Madame Bijou)
  • Negative Date 1936
  • Print Date 1936–55
  • Medium Gelatin silver print
  • Dimensions Image 9 1/2 × 9 3/16" (24.2 × 23.4 cm)
    Sheet 10 × 10 1/4" (25.4 × 26.1 cm)
  • Place Taken Paris
  • Credit Line Thomas Walther Collection. Gift of Lotte Jacobi, by exchange
  • MoMA Accession Number 1710.2001

Back / Verso

  • Mount Type No mount
  • Marks and Inscriptions Inscribed in pencil on sheet recto, right: BIJOUX [circled]. Stamped in black ink on sheet verso, left center: la mention/photo. geo. blanc/est obligatoire/tous droits réservés [with square outline]. Stamped in black ink on sheet verso, bottom left: geo. blanc/photographe illustrateur/33 bis, bould bourdon/paris, IV arrondiss./téléph : archives 77.40 [with broken square outline]. Inscribed in pencil on sheet verso, bottom right: 3. Blanc. 1. Inscribed in pencil on sheet verso, bottom right: Box 2. Inscribed in pencil on sheet verso, bottom right: GB 14128.
  • Provenance The artist. Sold through Sotheby Parke-Bernet, New York, to Zabriskie Gallery, New York, May 1985 [1]; consigned to Houk Friedman, New York, 1992 [2]; purchased by Thomas Walther, 1993 [3]; purchased by The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2001.
    [1] Zabriskie Gallery inventory no. GB14128 on sheet verso; and Virginia Zabriskie, e-mail to Maria Morris Hambourg, October 4, 2013.
    [2] Matthew Ortiz (Edwynn Houk Gallery), e-mail to Maria Morris Hambourg, April 30, 2014. The print was exhibited at Houk Friedman from October 24, 1992 to January 11, 1993.
    [3] Ibid.

Surface

  • Surface Sheen Matte
  • PTM
    Detail view of the recto of the artwork made using reflectance transformation imaging (RTI) software, which exaggerates subtle surface details and renders the features of the artwork plainly visible. Department of Conservation, MoMA
  • Micro-raking
    Raking-light close-up image, as shot. Area of detail is 6.7 x 6.7 mm. Department of Conservation, MoMA
    Raking-light close-up image, processed. Processing included removal of color, equalization of the histogram, and sharpening, all designed to enhance visual comparison. Department of Conservation, MoMA

Paper Material

  • Format Unknown
  • Weight Double weight
  • Thickness (mm) 0.34
  • UV Fluorescence Recto negative
    Verso negative
  • Fiber Analysis Rag 85%
    Bast 15%
  • Material Techniques Developing-out paper
  • XRF

    This work was determined to be a gelatin silver print via X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry.

    The following elements have been positively identified in the work, through XRF readings taken from its recto and verso (or from the mount, where the verso was not accessible):

    • Recto: S, Ca, Zn, Sr, Ag, Ba
    • Verso: Al, Si, P, Ca, Fe, Zn, Sr, Ba

    The graphs below show XRF spectra for three areas on the print: two of the recto—from areas of maximum and minimum image density (Dmax and Dmin)—and one of the verso or mount. The background spectrum represents the contribution of the XRF instrument itself. The first graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the lower energy range (0 to 8 keV). The second graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the higher energy range (8 to 40 keV).

    Areas examined: Recto (Dmax: black; Dmin: green), Verso or Mount (blue), Background (red)
    Elements identified: Al, Si, P, S, Ca, Fe, Ag, Ba
    Areas examined: Recto (Dmax: black; Dmin: green), Verso or Mount (blue), Background (red)
    Elements identified: Fe, Zn, Sr, Ag

In Context

Related Images

Germaine Krull. La Môme Bijou. 1932. Gelatin silver print, 7 x 6 1/3" (18.1 x 16.1 cm). The Centre Pompidou, Paris. © Estate Germaine Krull, Museum Folkwang, Essen

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