Front / Recto

  • Title Franz Lederer
  • Negative Date c. 1929
  • Print Date c. 1929–40
  • Medium Gelatin silver print
  • Dimensions Image 8 3/8 × 6 1/8" (21.3 × 15.5 cm)
    Mount 8 3/8 × 6 1/8" (21.3 × 15.5 cm)
  • Place Taken Berlin
  • Credit Line Thomas Walther Collection. Grace M. Mayer Fund
  • MoMA Accession Number 1708.2001
  • Copyright © Lotte Jacobi Collection, University of New Hampshire

Back / Verso

  • Mount Type Mount (original)
  • Marks and Inscriptions Signed in pencil on sheet recto, bottom left: Lotte Jacobi. Inscribed in pencil on mount verso, top center: FRANZ LEDERER. Inscribed in pencil on mount verso, top left: 135a. Inscribed in pencil on mount verso, center: 77 [circled]. Inscribed in pencil on mount verso, bottom left: 66. Inscribed in pencil on mount verso, bottom: [illegible]. Inscribed in pencil on mount verso, bottom: [illegible] x.
  • Provenance The artist; to the artist's archive (the artist’s daughter-in-law) [1]; to Stephen White Gallery, Beverly Hills, Calif., 1986 [2]; purchased by Thomas Walther, December 28, 1987 [3]; purchased by The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2001.
    [1] MacGill/Walther 2001(3), p. 9.
    [2] Ibid.
    [3] Ibid.; and Stephen White Gallery invoice no. 7340, December 28, 1987.

Surface

  • Retouch Detail
    Detail showing pencil retouching, possibly graphite. The area of detail is 14.5 x 22 mm. Department of Conservation, MoMA
    View of the print’s surface taken at an extreme angle with specular light to show extensive etching on the right side of the face. Department of Conservation, MoMA
  • Surface Sheen Matte
  • Techniques Mount
    Retouching (additive)
    Retouching (reductive)
  • PTM
    View of the recto of the artwork made using reflectance transformation imaging (RTI) software, which exaggerates subtle surface details and renders the features of the artwork plainly visible. Department of Conservation, MoMA
  • Micro-raking
    Raking-light close-up image, as shot. Area of detail is 6.7 x 6.7 mm. Department of Conservation, MoMA
    Raking-light close-up image, processed. Processing included removal of color, equalization of the histogram, and sharpening, all designed to enhance visual comparison. Department of Conservation, MoMA

Paper Material

  • Format Unknown
  • UV Fluorescence Recto negative
    Verso no data
  • Fiber Analysis No fiber data available
  • Material Techniques Developing-out paper
    Baryta-less paper
  • XRF

    This work was determined to be a gelatin silver print via X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry.

    The following elements have been positively identified in the work, through XRF readings taken from its recto and verso (or from the mount, where the verso was not accessible):

    • Recto: Al, Si, S, K, Ca, Cr, Fe, Zn, Sr, Ag, Ba, Pb
    • Verso or mount: not available

    The graphs below show XRF spectra for three areas on the print: two of the recto—from areas of maximum and minimum image density (Dmax and Dmin)—and one of the verso or mount. The background spectrum represents the contribution of the XRF instrument itself. The first graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the lower energy range (0 to 8 keV). The second graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the higher energy range (8 to 40 keV).

    Areas examined: Recto (Dmax: black; Dmin: green), Background (red)
    Elements identified: Al, Si, S, K, Ca, Cr, Ag, Ba
    Areas examined: Recto (Dmax: black; Dmin: green), Background (red)
    Elements identified: Fe, Zn, Sr, Ag, Pb

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