Front / Recto

  • Title Wood and Coal, Wine and Liquor (Bois et Charbons, Vins et Liqueurs)
  • Negative Date 1931
  • Print Date 1931–39
  • Medium Gelatin silver print
  • Dimensions Image 11 3/16 × 15 3/8" (28.4 × 39.1 cm)
    Mount 11 3/16 × 15 3/8" (28.4 × 39.1 cm)
  • Place Taken Paris
  • Credit Line Thomas Walther Collection. Gift of Shirley C. Burden, by exchange
  • MoMA Accession Number 1698.2001
  • Copyright © 2015 Florence Henri, Galleria Martini e Ronchetti, Genova, Italy

Back / Verso

  • Mount Type Mount (original)
  • Marks and Inscriptions Inscribed in ink on mount verso, center left: No. 31./1935. Signed in ink on mount verso, center: Florence Henri. [underlined].
  • Provenance The artist, Paris [1]; to Galerie m, Bochum, Germany, 1975 [2]; to Herbert Molderings, Münster, 1976 [3]; purchased by Thomas Walther, 1980s [4] or April 1992 [5]; purchased by The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2001.
    [1] Herbert Molderings, telephone conversation with Simon Bieling, January 18, 2005.
    [2] Molderings, letter to Maria Morris Hambourg, October 1, 2013.
    [3] Ibid.; and MacGill/Walther 2000, p. 14.
    [4] Molderings, letter to Hambourg.
    [5] Thomas Walther Photography Collection inventory sheet, unnumbered, n.d.

Surface

  • Surface Sheen Semireflective
  • Techniques Retouching (additive)
    Enlargement
    Photomontage
  • PTM
    Detail view of the recto of the artwork made using reflectance transformation imaging (RTI) software, which exaggerates subtle surface details and renders the features of the artwork plainly visible. Department of Conservation, MoMA
  • Micro-raking
    Raking-light close-up image, as shot. Area of detail is 6.7 x 6.7 mm. Department of Conservation, MoMA
    Raking-light close-up image, processed. Processing included removal of color, equalization of the histogram, and sharpening, all designed to enhance visual comparison. Department of Conservation, MoMA

Paper Material

  • Format Metric
  • UV Fluorescence Recto negative
    Verso no data
  • Fiber Analysis No fiber data available
  • Material Techniques Developing-out paper
  • XRF

    This work was determined to be a gelatin silver print via X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry.

    The following elements have been positively identified in the work, through XRF readings taken from its recto and verso (or from the mount, where the verso was not accessible):

    • Recto: P, S, Ca, Zn, Sr, Ag, Ba, Pb
    • Verso or mount: not available

    The graphs below show XRF spectra for three areas on the print: two of the recto—from areas of maximum and minimum image density (Dmax and Dmin)—and one of the verso or mount. The background spectrum represents the contribution of the XRF instrument itself. The first graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the lower energy range (0 to 8 keV). The second graph shows elements identified through the presence of their characteristic peaks in the higher energy range (8 to 40 keV).

    Areas examined: Recto (Dmax: black; Dmin: green), Background (red)
    Elements identified: P, S, Ca, Ag, Ba
    Areas examined: Recto (Dmax: black; Dmin: green), Background (red)
    Elements identified: Zn, Sr, Ag, Pb

In Context

Historical Publications

  • La Vie au Foyer, no. 4 (1933): 106 (as untitled photograph in a spread entitled "L’enseignes").

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