Henri Matisse. Study for "Luxe, calme et volupté". 1904

Henri Matisse Study for "Luxe, calme et volupté" 1904

  • MoMA, Floor 5, 506 The Alfred H. Barr, Jr. Galleries

Matisse painted this oil sketch in the summer of 1904, while working alongside fellow artist Paul Signac on the French Riviera, and he completed the final painting (now at the Musée d'Orsay, Paris) the following winter. Both Signac and Matisse were influenced by the elder painter Paul Cézanne, whose discrete strokes of color emphasized the materiality of the painted surface over naturalistic illusion. But Matisse went further, using a palette of pure, high-pitched colors (blue, green, yellow, and orange) to render the landscape, and outlining the figures in blue. The painting takes its title from a line by the nineteenth-century poet Charles Baudelaire and shares the poems subject of an escape to an imaginary, tranquil refuge.

Gallery label from 2010.
Medium
Oil on canvas
Dimensions
12 7/8 x 16" (32.7 x 40.6 cm)
Credit
Mrs. John Hay Whitney Bequest
Object number
582.1998
Copyright
© 2021 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Department
Painting and Sculpture

Installation views

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Provenance Research Project

This work is included in the Provenance Research Project, which investigates the ownership history of works in MoMA's collection.

André Saint, Paris
1932 Hôtel Drouot, Paris: "Collection d'un amateur" [André Saint], Auction, February 27, 1932, lot 84
Hodel (Purchased at Hôtel Drouot)
1951 Sidney Janis Gallery, New York
1951 - 1998 John Hay Whitney and Betsey Maria Cushing Whitney (Purchase)
1998 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Mrs. John Hay Whitney Bequest

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Provenance Research Project
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Provenance

André Saint, Paris

1932 Hôtel Drouot, Paris: "Collection d'un amateur" [André Saint], Auction, February 27, 1932, lot 84

Hodel (Purchased at Hôtel Drouot)

1951 Sidney Janis Gallery, New York

1951 - 1998 John Hay Whitney and Betsey Maria Cushing Whitney (Purchase)

1998 The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Mrs. John Hay Whitney Bequest

Reformatted by SN, 19 Nov 2021

Exhibition history

MoMA Exh. #1633: "Henri Matisse: A Retrospective", II 7, September 24, 1992 January 19, 1993

Paris, Centre Georges Pompidou, "Henri Matisse 1904-1917", February 25 - June 21, 1993

MoMA Exh. #1837C: "MoMA2000, ModernStarts, Places: French Landscape, The Modernist Vision, 1880-1920", 3rd Floor, October 28, 1999 - March 14, 2000

New York, Axa Gallery, "Luxe, Calme, Volupté: Artists and the French Riviera", April 26 - July 14, 2001

Venice, Palazzo Grassi, "Toward Modern Art: From Puvis de Chavannes to Matisse and Picasso", February 10 - June 16, 2002

MoMA Exh. #1899: "To Be Looked At: Painting and Sculpture from the Collection", June 29, 2002 - January 14, 2003

Tokyo, Mori Art Museum, "Happiness: A Survival Guide for Art and Life", October 16, 2003 - January 18, 2003

MoMA Exh. #1931: "Painting and Sculpture: Inaugural Installation", 5th Floor, gallery 1, added March 16, 2005 - November 3, 2008

MoMA Exh. #2026: "Painting and Sculpture Changes 2008", 5th Floor, gallery 2, added November 6, 2008 - February 2, 2010

MoMA Exh. #2103: "Painting and Sculpture Changes 2010", 5th Floor, gallery 6, added February 2 - October 19, 2010

MoMA Exh. #2226: "Painting and Sculpture Changes 2013", 5th Floor, gallery 2, added August 8, 2013 - July 23, 2014

Minneapolis Institute of Arts, "Delacroix and the Rise of Modern Art", October 18, 2015 - January 10, 2016 and tour:
London, National Gallery, Ferbaury 17 - May 22, 2016

MoMA Exh. #2418: "Collection 1880s-1940s", 5th Floor, gallery 506, "Henri Matisse", October 21, 2019 -
(the Museum was closed from March 13 - August 26, 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic)

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