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This work is included in the Provenance Research Project, which investigates the ownership history of works in MoMA's collection.
The artist, Berlin. Stadtmuseum and Gemäldegalerie, Dresden, 1919 ; removed as "degenerate art" by the Reich Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda, 1937 ; in storage at the repository for propaganda exhibitions, Velten (Mark), 1938 . Sold through Stuttgarter Kunstkabinett (Roman Norbert Ketterer), May 10-12, 1950 . On consignment from German private collection to Galerie Wilhelm Grosshennig, Düsseldorf ; sold to Curt Valentin Gallery (formerly Buchholz Gallery), New York,  ; acquired by The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1955 (Gertrud A. Mellon Fund).
 Inventory no. 1919/88. Before the painting was removed from the collection in 1937, it was included as "degenerate art" in the exhibition "Entartete Kunst" at the Städtische Galerie, Nürnberg, September 7, 1935-September 21, 1935; at the Haus der Kunst, Dortmund, November 11, 1935-December 8, 1935; and at the Volksbildungsheim Frankfurt a.M., September 9, 1936-September 30, 1936 (see Beschlagnahmeinventar "Entartete Kunst", "Degenerate Art" Research Center, FU Berlin).
 EK no. 15938: Pharisäer.
 Included in the exhibition "Entartete Kunst," Hofgarten-Arkaden, Munich, July 19-November 30, 1937 and other venues (Berlin, Leipzig, Düsseldorf). See Beschlagnahmeinventar "Entartete Kunst", "Degenerate Art" Research Center, FU Berlin.
 Auction no. 8, lot no. 1893. See Beschlagnahmeinventar "Entartete Kunst", "Degenerate Art" Research Center, FU Berlin).
 Collection files 160.1955, Department of Painting and Sculpture, The Museum of Modern Art, New York.
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