Jackson Pollock. Untitled (4), state II of III. 1944–1945

Jackson Pollock

Untitled (4), state II of III

1944–1945

Medium
Engraving and drypoint
Dimensions
plate: 14 15/16 x 17 5/8" (38 x 44.8 cm); sheet: 18 3/4 x 24 13/16" (47.7 x 63 cm)
Publisher
unpublished
Printer
the artist at Atelier 17, New York
Edition
unique trial proof of state II before the 1967 posthumous edition of 50
Credit
Gift of Lee Krasner Pollock
Object number
1180.1969
Copyright
© 2018 Pollock-Krasner Foundation / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Department
Drawings and Prints
This work is not on view.
Jackson Pollock has 86 works  online.
There are 21,554 prints online.

In this, the most ambitious and finished of his engravings, Pollock worked the lines into a complex, interlocking network that begins to suggest the kind of allover fields he would develop in his drip paintings a few years later. However, there are still suggestions of figures, most obviously at the far left, where a sentinel-like form with a raised arm and a thre-toed foot can be seen.

Gallery label from Jackson Pollock: A Collection Survey, 1934-1954, November 22, 2015–May 1, 2016

First-generation Abstract Expressionist painters lacked the opportunities for printmaking that would emerge in America in the late 1950s and 1960s with professional workshops and publishers. Jackson Pollock, however, managed to make prints intermittently throughout his career by taking advantage of occasions that presented themselves and by availing himself of the skills of mentors and other acquaintances who were familiar with techniques and had access to facilities. Since most of his lithographs, engravings, and screenprints were experimental and did not result in standardized editions, this aspect of his work is hardly known. In fact, the methodical nature of printmaking seems contrary to the image of Pollock as a wild man pouring paint on canvas in a kind of private performance.

Pollock's prints, nearly fifty compositions in all, went through evolving states, trial proofs, variant inking and uses of paper, and hand additions. The work illustrated here comes from a group of eleven plates he prepared at Atelier 17, a printing facility established by Stanley William Hayter in Paris and relocated to New York during World War II. It was there that exiled European artists gathered and introduced the principles of Surrealism to their young American counterparts. Hayter himself encouraged a method of engraving that allowed for a spontaneous articulation of line resembling "automatism," an unfettered Surrealist drawing technique in which thoughts and desires deep in the subconscious were prompted to the surface.

Pollock's engravings reflect his absorption not only of automatist drawing, but also of totemic imagery of the American Southwest, mythic archetypes from his Jungian psychoanalysis, and the work of such artists as Joan Miró and Pablo Picasso. This print is a quintessential example of that realm between representation and abstraction occupying him in the mid-1940s and ultimately leading to the totally abstract, linear skeins of his most celebrated canvases.

Publication excerpt from Deborah Wye, Artists and Prints: Masterworks from The Museum of Modern Art, New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 2004, p. 129

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