Oskar Kokoschka. Pietà (Poster for Murderer, Hope of Women). 1909

Oskar Kokoschka

Pietà (Poster for Murderer, Hope of Women)


Sheet: 48 5/16 x 30 15/16" (122.7 x 78.6 cm)
Internationale Kunstschau, Vienna
Albert Berger, Vienna
Object number
© 2017 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / Pro Litteris, Zurich
Architecture and Design
This work is not on view.
Oskar Kokoschka has 144 works  online.
There are 9,649 design works online.
There are 5,828 graphic design works online.

Under the opposing forces of the sun and moon, a flayed, blood-red man collapses into the arms of a ghastly pale woman. In this poster advertising the premiere of his play Mörderer, Hoffnung der Frauen (Murderer, hope of women), Kokoschka manipulates the Christian iconography of the Pietà, which traditionally shows a mother cradling her dead son. Hung all over the city, the poster, with its graphic imagery, announced the brutal and bizarre events of the drama, which stages an epic, bloody battle between the sexes. Kokoschka's deliberately crude lettering reinforces the barbarity of the events. As the poster suggests, the woman at first seems to slay the man, but in the end he emerges victorious.

The play befuddled, amused, and offended the audience of its single performance on July 5, 1909, at the Kunstschau exhibition in Vienna, a venue otherwise filled with exquisitely refined designs by contemporary European artists. Kokoschka later reminisced, "If the term Expressionism has any meaning, then this is its earliest manifestation."

Publication excerpt from Heather Hess, German Expressionist Digital Archive Project, German Expressionism: Works from the Collection. 2011.

If you would like to reproduce an image of a work of art in MoMA's collection, or an image of a MoMA publication or archival material (including installation views, checklists, and press releases), please contact Art Resource (publication in North America) or Scala Archives (publication in all other geographic locations).

If you would like to license audio or video footage produced by MoMA, please contact Scala Archives (all geographic locations) at firenze@scalarchives.com.

If you would like to reproduce text from a MoMA publication or moma.org, please email text_permissions@moma.org. If you would like to publish text from MoMA's archival materials, please fill out this permission form and send to archives@moma.org.

This record is a work in progress. If you have additional information or spotted an error, please send feedback to digital@moma.org.