A modern realist movement, often associated with portraiture, that developed in Weimar Germany in the 1920s as a challenge to Expressionism.. As its name suggests, it offered a return to unsentimental reality and a focus on the objective world, as opposed to the more abstract, romantic, or idealistic tendencies of Expressionism. The artists associated with the movement were not formally organized and worked in many different locations. They are linked by their embrace of naturalism in their drawings and paintings and by their vivid, often caustically satirical depictions of Weimar society following Germany’s defeat in World War I. Wrapped up in these criticisms was a more universal, savage satire of the human condition.