This glossary explains some of the techniques, mediums, art movements, and other terms you’ll encounter on our website, along with links to examples in the collection.
Showing 10 of 314 art terms
A cohort of Italian architects and designers active from the late 1960s through the 1970s. They placed themselves in opposition to the rationalism and
Bright light, usually beamed obliquely, used to reveal such things as surface texture and detail
A term invented by Man Ray, in which he merged his name with the word “photograph” to describe his particular approach to the technique of making photograms.
A term coined by Marcel Duchamp in 1916 to describe prefabricated, often mass-produced objects isolated from their intended use and elevated to the status
Figures or forms carved or molded so as to project from a flat surface, as in sculpture, or the apparent projection of such shapes in a painting or drawing.
A general term for those printmaking techniques in which the printing surface is cut away so that the image alone appears raised on the surface. Relief
Any of numerous plant-based, clear, translucent, yellow or brown, solid or semisolid, viscous substances—including copal, rosin, and amber—used principally
Return to order (rappel à l’ordre)
A conservative cultural movement in France in the years following World War I. This movement was defined by a renewed interest in classicism, nationalism,
A series of actions, performed by an individual or group, according to a prescribed sequence. Rituals often include objects, dress, music, or body movements
Rods and Cones
The photoreceptor cells in our eyes that are responsible for our sensitivity to light and color