This glossary explains some of the techniques, mediums, art movements, and other terms you’ll encounter on our website, along with links to examples in the collection.
Showing 18 of 256 art terms
An artistic and literary movement formed in response to the disasters of World War I (1914–18) and to an emerging modern media and machine culture. Dada
One of the first practical photographic processes, publicly announced in 1839 and named for the French artist/inventor Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre. A
A transfer technique, developed in the 18th century, in which ink, paint, or another medium is spread onto a surface and, while still wet, covered with
The term adopted by the Nazi regime to describe works deemed to be “an insult to German feeling.” An exhibition of the same name opened in Munich in 1937,
Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider)
Formed in 1911 in Munich as an association of painters and an exhibiting society led by Vasily Kandinsky and Franz Marc. Using a visual vocabulary of abstract
This term is most commonly associated with graphics, furniture, lighting, and products, but also encompasses a wide variety of related practices, including
A printmaking technique initially developed as an alternative to the blueprint, which it ultimately replaced, for the reproduction of maps, plans, etc.
Die Brücke (The Bridge)
The artists’ group Die Brücke was established in 1905, a moment that is recognized as the birth of Expressionism. The affiliated artists often turned to
A general term for any print that incorporates digital technology into the creation of an image or its printing. Until the mid-1990s, most digital images
A work of art consisting of two sections or panels, usually hinged together.
A method of documentary filmmaking developed in the late 1950s and early 1960s in the US and Canada, in which filmmakers sought to capture their subjects
A genre encompassing nonfiction films intended to capture some aspect of reality, often for the purposes of instruction, education, or the development
A genre of photography that aims to objectively chronicle a subject or event
In photography and filmmaking, a technique in which film is exposed twice to capture and merge two different images in a single frame.
A unique work of art, often on paper, made with dry or wet mediums including pencil, charcoal, chalk, pastel, crayon, pen, ink, watercolor, or oils. In
An intaglio printmaking technique that creates sharp lines with fuzzy, velvety edges. A diamond-pointed needle is used to incise lines directly into a
Dye transfer print
A full-color photographic printing process that was popular between the 1920s and the 1950s. In these prints, three layers of dye—cyan, magenta, and yellow—are