Melvin Edwards. Sekuru Knows from the Lynch Fragment series. 1988. Steel, 14 7/8 × 11 × 7 1/4" (37.9 x 28 x 18.3 cm). Purchase. © Melvin Edwards/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
  • MoMA, Floor 4, 400

These works bundle, droop, and ooze: they appear to be malleable forms that have been made permanent. Beginning in the 1960s, the artists seen here embraced a hands-on approach to sculpting and traditional metalwork techniques such as welding and casting. They responded to the specific properties of each material and the unpredictable effects of the process, creating works that show the trace of their making. Through the use of organic forms, the recording of movement, and a preference for human scale, their work alluded to the political climate of their time: the Vietnam War, feminism, and the Civil Rights Movement.

9 works online


Installation images

How we identified these works

In 2018–19, MoMA collaborated with Google Arts & Culture Lab on a project using machine learning to identify artworks in installation photos. That project has concluded, and works are now being identified by MoMA staff.

If you notice an error, please contact us at [email protected].


If you would like to reproduce an image of a work of art in MoMA’s collection, or an image of a MoMA publication or archival material (including installation views, checklists, and press releases), please contact Art Resource (publication in North America) or Scala Archives (publication in all other geographic locations).

All requests to license audio or video footage produced by MoMA should be addressed to Scala Archives at [email protected]. Motion picture film stills or motion picture footage from films in MoMA’s Film Collection cannot be licensed by MoMA/Scala. For licensing motion picture film footage it is advised to apply directly to the copyright holders. For access to motion picture film stills please contact the Film Study Center. More information is also available about the film collection and the Circulating Film and Video Library.

If you would like to reproduce text from a MoMA publication, please email [email protected]. If you would like to publish text from MoMA’s archival materials, please fill out this permission form and send to [email protected].


This record is a work in progress. If you have additional information or spotted an error, please send feedback to [email protected].