Dieter Roth. Literature Sausage (Literaturwurst). 1969, published 1961–70. Artist’s book of ground copy of Suche nach einer Neuen Welt by Robert F. Kennedy, gelatin, lard, and spices in natural casing, overall (approx.): 12 × 6 11/16 × 3 9/16" (30.5 × 17 × 9 cm). Publisher: the artist. Fabricator: Dieter Roth. Edition: artist's proof outside the edition of 50. The Print Associates Fund in honor of Deborah Wye. © 2019 Estate of Dieter Roth
  • MoMA, Floor 4, 416 The David Geffen Galleries

Multiples—prints and objects produced in large, affordable editions—became an international phenomenon in the 1960s and 1970s. Artists who questioned the status of art as a luxury commodity embraced multiples as a more democratic art form. Joseph Beuys, for example, described his multiples as the “vehicles” through which his ideas could circulate among a broader public, beyond elite art networks. A multiple, he said, “is like an antenna which is standing somewhere and with which one stays in touch.”

Many of the multiples on view here mimic the appearance of popular products and packaging in order to comment on postwar consumerism. Some artists took advantage of new industrial materials, such as plastics, to fabricate objects that replicate the sleek look of contemporary housewares, while others used readymade products, food, or trash to address the culture of consumption and waste.

27 works online


Installation images

How we identified these works

In 2018–19, MoMA collaborated with Google Arts & Culture Lab on a project using machine learning to identify artworks in installation photos. That project has concluded, and works are now being identified by MoMA staff.

If you notice an error, please contact us at [email protected].


If you would like to reproduce an image of a work of art in MoMA’s collection, or an image of a MoMA publication or archival material (including installation views, checklists, and press releases), please contact Art Resource (publication in North America) or Scala Archives (publication in all other geographic locations).

All requests to license audio or video footage produced by MoMA should be addressed to Scala Archives at [email protected]. Motion picture film stills or motion picture footage from films in MoMA’s Film Collection cannot be licensed by MoMA/Scala. For licensing motion picture film footage it is advised to apply directly to the copyright holders. For access to motion picture film stills please contact the Film Study Center. More information is also available about the film collection and the Circulating Film and Video Library.

If you would like to reproduce text from a MoMA publication, please email [email protected]. If you would like to publish text from MoMA’s archival materials, please fill out this permission form and send to [email protected].


This record is a work in progress. If you have additional information or spotted an error, please send feedback to [email protected].