Winter’s Bone. 2009. USA. Directed by Debra Granik

Founded in 1992 and published by IFP, Filmmaker Magazine began with a simple mission: to cover the American independent film scene from the perspective of the filmmakers. Eschewing formal criticism, Filmmaker synthesizes conversations about the aesthetics of filmmaking with dialogues about its production methods, technologies, financing, and distribution. Now celebrating its 20th anniversary, Filmmaker looks back at two decades of American independent production, a period that has seen extraordinary changes in the ways films are made and released. As part of MoMA's Carte Blanche series, Filmmaker Editor-in-Chief and cofounder Scott Macaulay was invited to select seminal films that speak to these issues and celebrate the magazine’s keen eye for new talent. All film notes are written by Scott Macaulay.

Organized by Rajendra Roy, Celeste Bartos Chief Curator of Film, The Museum of Modern Art, and Scott Macaulay, Editor-in-Chief, Filmmaker Magazine.

Licensing of MoMA images and videos is handled by Art Resource (North America) and Scala Archives (all other geographic locations). All requests should be addressed directly to those agencies, which supply high-resolution digital image files provided to them directly by the Museum.

Requests for permission to reprint text from MoMA publications should be addressed to

This record is a work in progress. If you have additional information or spotted an error, please send feedback to