Inbox: Channa Horwitz

July 22–August 21, 2016


Channa Horwitz. From left: Sonakinatography I Movement #III for Multi-media. 1969. Casein and ink on graph paper. The Modern Women’s Fund, 2016; Sonakinatography Movement #II Sheet B 1st Variation. 1969. Casein and pencil on graph paper. The Modern Women’s Fund, 2016;  Slices, Top to Bottom. 1975. Ink on Mylar. Gifts of the artist’s estate, 2016. Rhythm of Lines 8–7. 1988. Casein and 23-karat gold leaf on Mylar. Gifts of the artist’s estate, 2016. Rhythm of Lines 6–8. 1988. Casein and 23-karat gold leaf on Mylar. Gifts of the artist’s estate, 2016. Digital image © 2016 The Museum of Modern Art
  • MoMA, Floor 1, Garden Lobby The Agnes Gund Garden Lobby

This group of drawings represents a selection of newly acquired works by Channa Horwitz, who, beginning in the 1960s in Los Angeles, developed a system of permutational drawing that is at once conceptually rigorous and visually rich. In her breakthrough series Sonakinatography—whose title means “sound” (sona), “motion” (kineto), and “notation” (graphy)—Horwitz employed colors and numbers to plot movement over time. The graph paper she used, which featured eight squares per inch, led her to work in sequences of eight. For Slices, Top to Bottom (1975), Horwitz extended this investigation, tracing the intersections between eight continuous lines and then taking a cross-section of the resulting form. And in her Rhythm of Lines series (1988), she considered eight different angles at which two lines could intersect and assigned a different color to each angle; the addition of gold leaf gives shimmering form to her rule-based logic. Though these drawings stand on their own, they have also been used as scores for music, dance, and light-based works.

Organized by the Department of Drawings and Prints.


If you would like to reproduce an image of a work of art in MoMA's collection, or an image of a MoMA publication or archival material (including installation views, checklists, and press releases), please contact Art Resource (publication in North America) or Scala Archives (publication in all other geographic locations).

All requests to license audio or video footage produced by MoMA should be addressed to Scala Archives at Motion picture film stills or motion picture footage from films in MoMA's Film Collection cannot be licensed by MoMA/Scala. For licensing motion picture film footage it is advised to apply directly to the copyright holders. For access to motion picture film stills please contact the Film Study Center. More information is also available about the film collection and the Circulating Film and Video Library.

If you would like to reproduce text from a MoMA publication or, please email If you would like to publish text from MoMA's archival materials, please fill out this permission form and send to


This record is a work in progress. If you have additional information or spotted an error, please send feedback to