Installation view of the exhibition, "Latin American Architecture Since 1945." November 23, 1955–February 19, 1956. Photographic Archive. The Museum of Modern Art Archives, New York. IN590.1. Photograph by Ben Schnall.

Latin American Architecture Since 1945

MoMA November 23, 1955–February 19, 1956

The intent of the exhibition Latin American Architecture Since 1945, which explored contemporary architecture in Latin America, was not only to expose the American public to the work of the region’s leading architects, but also to demonstrate the advanced modernity of its cities, “which we ourselves still only anticipate,” as curator Arthur Drexler wrote in the preface to the exhibition catalogue. The exhibition brought together photographs, photomurals, and special stereo viewers depicting 49 buildings—including complex university developments, public housing projects, stadiums, hotels, industrial buildings, churches, private residences, and a nightclub—that together captured the Latin American building boom, foregrounding famous architects such as Brazil’s Oscar Niemeyer and Venezuela's Carlos Rául Villanueva. It was organized under the aegis of the Museum’s International Program, which was founded in 1952 initially to circulate exhibitions to museums around the world.

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