Rio, 40 graus (Rio, 100 Degrees). 1956. Brazil. Directed by Nelson Pereira dos Santos. In Portuguese; English subtitles. 100 min.
With Jece Valadão, Glauce Rocha, Roberto Batalin. A major turning point in the history of Latin American cinema, Rio, 100 Degrees presents the eponymous city through a neorealist lens. Shooting on location and using a largely nonprofessional cast, Pereira follows a group of young, black peanut vendors as they travel from the favelas to the beaches of Copacabana to the peak of Sugarloaf Mountain. During their encounters, the filmmaker casts an unflinching gaze on class stratification in Brazil, depicting the life of the nation’s underclass in a manner so unprecedented that filmmaker Glauber Rocha dubbed it the developing world’s first truly revolutionary film. 35mm.