Wikipedia entry
Joaquín Torres García (28 July 1874 – 8 August 1949) was a Uruguayan-Spanish artist, sculptor, muralist, novelist, writer, teacher, and theorist born in Montevideo, Uruguay. As an adolescent emigrated to Catalunya, Spain, where he began his career as an artist. He lived and worked primarily in Spain, and was also active in the United States, Italy, France, and Uruguay. Torres-García is known for creating the prominent art movements Modern Classicism and Universal Constructivism. Torres-García collaborated as a young man with Antoni Gaudí on the stained-glass windows for the Palma Cathedral and the Sagrada Família. He decorated the medieval Palau de la Generalitat de Catalunya with monumental frescoes in the Modern Classic style. Torres-García in later years developed a unique style known as Universal Constructive Art during the 1930's in Paris. Torres-García published over 150 books, essays and articles in Catalan, Spanish, French and English, and gave more than 500 lectures. He founded art schools in Spain and Montevideo and a number of artistic groups, including the first European abstract-art group Cercle et Carré (Circle and Square) in Paris in 1929. First posthumous retrospectives in Paris (1955) and Amsterdam (1961) are the earliest shows documenting Torres-García importance in the world of abstract art.The Museum of Modern Art opened its Latin American collection with an acquisition of Torres-García's painting. The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum had a retrospective exhibition in the 1971, and more-recent retrospectives in New York 2015 and 2018.
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Getty record
Uruguayan, Central American, South American, Spanish
Artist, Teacher, Publicist, Publisher, Art Theorist, Fresco Painter, Glass Designer, Muralist, Restoration Architect, Collagist, Illustrator, Painter, Toymaker, Sculptor, Theorist
Joaquín Torres-García, Joaquin Torres Garcia, Joaquin Torres-Garcia, Joaquín García, Joaquim Torres-García, Joaquim García, Joaquín Torres- García, J. Torres-García, Joaquím Torres-García, Joaquím Torres- García, Torres-Garcia
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License


13 works online



  • Sur moderno: Journeys of Abstraction—The Patricia Phelps de Cisneros Gift Exhibition catalogue, Hardcover, 240 pages
  • MoMA Highlights: 375 Works from The Museum of Modern Art Flexibound, 408 pages
  • MoMA Now: Highlights from The Museum of Modern Art—Ninetieth Anniversary Edition Hardcover, 424 pages
  • Lincoln Kirstein's Modern Exhibition catalogue, Hardcover, 208 pages
  • Joaquín Torres-García: The Arcadian Modern Exhibition catalogue, Hardcover, 224 pages

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