William Eugene Smith (December 30, 1918 – October 15, 1978) was an American photojournalist. He has been described as "perhaps the single most important American photographer in the development of the editorial photo essay." His major photo essays include World War II photographs, the dedication of an American country doctor and a nurse midwife, the clinic of Dr Schweitzer in French Equatorial Africa, the city of Pittsburgh, and the pollution which damaged the health of the residents of Minamata in Japan. His 1948 series, Country Doctor, photographed for Life magazine is now recognized as "the first extended editorial photo story".
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Born 30 December 1918; died 15 October 1978. Smith took his first photographs in Wichita, Kansas for local newspapers from 1933 to 1935. From 1937 to 1938 Smith worked for Newsweek magazine as a photographer. In 1938/39 Smith worked as a freelance photographer for the Black Star photographic agency. Smith worked for Life magazine from 1939 to 1941. From 1942 to 1944 Smith worked as a war correspondent in the Pacific. From 1944 to 1954 Smith worked on photographic essays in Spain, United States, and Great Britain. From 1955 to 1958 Smith was a member of Magnum photographic agency in New York City, New York and in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. From 1957 to 1977 Smith worked as a freelance photographer in New York City, New York and Japan. In 1977 Smith moved to Tuscon, Arizona.
Artist, Photojournalist, Photographer
W. Eugene Smith, William Eugene Smith, Eugene Smith, Gene Smith, V. Yugin Smit, Vilyam Yugin Smit, Vilyam Yugin, Yugin Smit, W Eugene Smith, $15V. Yug'in Smit, $15Vilyam Yug'in Smit, Yug'in Smit, Yūjin Sumisu, W. Yūjin Sumisu, וו. יוג׳ין סמית, W. ユージンスミス
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License