Oscar Nitzchke (August 29, 1900 – February 11, 1991) was an architect, best known for designing the United Nations headquarters in New York and the Los Angeles Opera House. Nitzchke was born in Altona, Germany, and grew up in Switzerland. In 1920 he moved to Paris to enter the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts, but left the school in 1922 to work with Le Corbusier. He came to New York in 1938 to work with the architectural firm Harrison & Abramovitz, and later moved on to Jim Nash Associates, where he was made head of design. He retired in the early 1970s. In his retirement Nitzchke moved back to Paris, and died in the suburb Ivry-sur-Seine.
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Born 29 August 1900; died 11 February 1991. Nitzchke's family moved to Geneva, Switzerland in 1908. Nitzchke entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Geneva in 1917 and the Atelier Laloux-Lemaresquier in Paris in 1920. In 1921 and 1922 he studied at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux Arts in Paris. In 1922, he began to work in the office of Le Corbusier. In 1923, he left the Atelier Laloux-Lemaresquier and joined the Atelier du Palais de Bois under Auguste Perret. In December 1938, Nitzchke came to the United States to become Associate Professor at the School of Architecture, Yale University and to work with Wallace K. Harrison and Fouilhoux in New York as head of design research. While working with Harrison & Abromovitz, Nitzchke took part in the Alcoa Building in Pittsburgh and the Los Angeles Opera House projects. He became an American citizen in 1952 and changed the spelling of his name from Nitzschke to Nitzchke. American architect lived in Paris.
German, American
Artist, Architect
Oscar Nitzchke, Oscar Ernest Nitzschke, Oscar Nitzchké
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License