Amedeo Clemente Modigliani (Italian pronunciation: [ameˈdɛːo modiʎˈʎaːni]; 12 July 1884 – 24 January 1920) was an Italian Jewish painter and sculptor who worked mainly in France. He is known for portraits and nudes in a modern style characterized by elongation of faces, necks, and figures that were not received well during his lifetime but later found acceptance. Modigliani spent his youth in Italy, where he studied the art of antiquity and the Renaissance. In 1906 he moved to Paris, where he came into contact with such artists as Pablo Picasso and Constantin Brâncuși. By 1912 Modigliani was exhibiting highly stylized sculptures with Cubists of the Section d'Or group at the Salon d'Automne. Modigliani's œuvre includes paintings and drawings. From 1909 to 1914 he devoted himself mainly to sculpture. His main subject was portraits and full figures, both in the images and in the sculptures. Modigliani had little success while alive, but after his death achieved great popularity. He died of tubercular meningitis, at the age of 35, in Paris.
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Modigliani is noted for his portraits and studies characterized by radical elongation and simplification of the face and figure. He arrived in Paris 1906 and became interested in the work of Cézanne. He soon made contact with André Salmon, Max Jacob, and Picasso. In 1909 Brancusi suggested that he study African sculpture, and he exhibited works in 1912 that reflect this influence, which later carried over to his painting style.
Artist, Portraitist, Painter, Sculptor
Amedeo Modigliani, Amedeo Clemente Modigliani, Amadeo Modigliani, Amīdivū Mūdilyānī, Amedeo Modilʹi︠a︡ni, Amedeo Modiljani, Mo-ti-liang-ni, אמאדאו מודילאני, amadeo modigliani, a. modigliani, Modigliani, A. Modigliani
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License