Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky (; Russian: Васи́лий Васи́льевич Канди́нский, tr. Vasíliy Vasílʹevich Kandínskiy, IPA: [vɐˈsʲilʲɪj vɐˈsʲilʲjɪvʲɪtɕ kɐnʲˈdʲinskʲɪj]; 16 December [O.S. 4 December] 1866 – 13 December 1944) was a Russian painter and art theorist. Kandinsky is generally credited as the pioneer of abstract art. Born in Moscow, Kandinsky spent his childhood in Odessa, where he graduated at Grekov Odessa Art school. He enrolled at the University of Moscow, studying law and economics. Successful in his profession—he was offered a professorship (chair of Roman Law) at the University of Dorpat—Kandinsky began painting studies (life-drawing, sketching and anatomy) at the age of 30. In 1896, Kandinsky settled in Munich, studying first at Anton Ažbe's private school and then at the Academy of Fine Arts. He returned to Moscow in 1914, after the outbreak of World War I. Following the Russian Revolution, Kandinsky "became an insider in the cultural administration of Anatoly Lunacharsky" and helped establish the Museum of the Culture of Painting. However, by then "his spiritual outlook... was foreign to the argumentative materialism of Soviet society", and opportunities beckoned in Germany, to which he returned in 1920. There he taught at the Bauhaus school of art and architecture from 1922 until the Nazis closed it in 1933. He then moved to France, where he lived for the rest of his life, becoming a French citizen in 1939 and producing some of his most prominent art. He died in Neuilly-sur-Seine in 1944.
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Kandinsky was raised and educated in Moscow, but left for Munich in 1896 to attend art school. There he was exposed to the paintings of the French Impressionists and the music of Wagner, which inspired him. In Germany, he was active in the foundation of several different art schools and artists' groups, most notably "Der Blaue Reiter." His theoretical texts were also published internationally. In 1914, he returned to Moscow, where he collaborated with Malevich and Tatlin. In 1922, he began teaching painting at the Bauhaus in Weimar, while continuing to paint and publish treatises on painting. Kandinsky became a naturalized German citizen in 1928, and later a French citizen. Russian artist. Comment on works: Abstract
Russian, French, German
Artist, Author, Engraver, Teacher, Decorative Artist, Painter, Theorist
Vassily Kandinsky, Vasilii Vasilevich Kandinskii, Vasilij Vasil'evic Kandinskij, Vasily Kandinsky, Vasilij Kandinskij, Vasilij Kandinski, Wassili Kandinsky, Wassily Wassiljewitsch Kandinsky, Wahsili Kang-ting-ssu-chi, Vasili Vasilevich Kandinsky, Wassily Kandinsky, Vasily. Kandinsky, Vasily Vasil'yevich Kandinsky, Vasilĭi Vasilʹevich Kandinskĭi, Kandinsky, Wa-hsi-li Kʻang-ting-ssu-chi, Kʻang-ting-ssu-chi, Vasilij Vasil'evič Kandinskij, Basile W. Kandinsky, w. kandinsky
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License