Born during the Great Depression in Hastings, Nebraska, Sheila Hicks spent much of her early life on the road, with her father seeking work where he found it. This “fantastic…migratory existence,” 1 as she has described it, has come to define her six-decade career as an artist. Extensive experiences traveling, living, and working around the world continue to advance her exploration of textiles, the pliable and adaptable medium with which she is most closely associated.

“Textile is a universal language. In all of the cultures of the world, textile is a crucial and essential component,” Hicks has said. 2 Captivated by structure, form, and color, she has looked to weaving cultures across the globe to shape her work at varying scales, from small hand-woven works called Minimes and wall hangings; to sculptural fiber piles like The Evolving Tapestry: He/She (1967–68); to monumental corporate commissions, among them Enchantillon: Medallion (1967), a prototype for an installation at New York’s Ford Foundation. More recently, Pillar of Inquiry/Supple Column (2014) demonstrates Hicks’s intense fascination with experimental materials: a whirling structure of multicolored synthetic fibers cascades from the ceiling, as if breaking through from the sky above.

As a student at Yale University, Hicks studied painting with artist and designer Josef Albers, whose book The Interaction of Color heralded new approaches to the study of color, and left a lasting impact on Hicks’s work. She became fascinated with textiles and weaving while working with George Kubler, an art historian specializing in pre-Columbian art from South America, who encouraged her to travel abroad to expand her understanding of the medium. Upon completing her undergraduate degree in 1957, Hicks received a Fulbright grant to study ancient Andean weaving in Chile, using the funds to travel across the continent and explore its rich artistic traditions.

From 1959 until 1964, Hicks lived and worked in Taxco el Viejo, Mexico, honing her skills as a fiber artist and learning from traditional textile craftspeople. In 1964, she made her way to Paris, where she continues to operate a studio. She has traveled extensively throughout her career: setting up workshops in Mexico, Chile, and South Africa; developing commercially woven fabrics in India and tufted rugs in Morocco; and realizing large-scale commissions in the United States, Japan, and Saudi Arabia. In each place, she has mined local knowledge to inform work that transcends geographic boundaries.

Her diverse approach to textiles put her at the center of the burgeoning Fiber Art movement of the 1960s and ’70s, in which artists, including Lenore Tawney and Magdalena Abakanowicz, were inventing new possibilities for pliable mediums. They created sculptural and three-dimensional fiber works that upended conventions, establishing a new order in the largely male-dominated arena of two-dimensional tapestry-making.

Hicks continues employing intensely saturated color and the raw materials of textiles—wool, synthetic thread, linen flax—in works that are rigorously constructed by wrapping, piling, and weaving her materials. “I don’t want to go do something I know how to do. I want to go do something I don’t know how to do,” she has said. “I don’t want a legacy. I just want to have fun while I’m here.” 3

Andrew Gardner, Curatorial Assistant, Department of Architecture and Design


  1. https://www.surfacemag.com/articles/sheila-hicks-artist-on-intuition-success-legacy/

  2. “Sheila Hicks: Begin with Thread,” Vimeo, uploaded by Ford Foundation, October 7, 2014. https://vimeo.com/108250843

  3. https://www.surfacemag.com/articles/sheila-hicks-artist-on-intuition-success-legacy/

Wikipedia entry
Introduction
Sheila Hicks (born in Hastings, Nebraska, 1934) is an American artist. She lives and works in Paris, France. Prior to that, she lived and worked in Guerrero, Mexico (1959–63). She is known for her innovative and experimental weavings and sculptural textile art that incorporate distinctive colors, natural materials, and personal narratives.
Wikidata
Q3481752
Information from Wikipedia, made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License
Getty record
Nationality
American
Gender
Female
Roles
Artist, Sculptor, Textile Artist
Name
Sheila Hicks
Ulan
500110474
Information from Getty’s Union List of Artist Names ® (ULAN), made available under the ODC Attribution License
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